- Structural Business Statistics
- Global value chains
- Ad hoc data collections
- Policy context
The EuroGroups Register (EGR) is the statistical business register of multinational enterprise groups having at least one legal unit in the territory of the EU or EFTA countries.
The EGR is created for statistical purposes only, with the aim to facilitate the coordination of survey frames in the European Statistical System (ESS) for producing high quality statistics on global business activities, like Foreign Affiliates Statistics (FATS) and Foreign Direct Investment statistics (FDI).
The EGR frames are accessible to all national statistical authorities - national statistical institutes and national central banks - responsible in the ESS of producing official statistics. The data of EGR frames are disseminated via EDAMIS.
According to Regulation (EC) No 177/2008 each EU Member State and EFTA country can access the full structure of a multinational enterprise group, including its statistical units and characteristics, provided that at least one legal unit is resident in its territory.
The EGR contains information on the following units and characteristics:
- legal units: identification, demographic, control and ownership characteristics;
- enterprises: identification and demographic characteristics, main activity code (NACE), number of persons employed, turnover, institutional sector;
- enterprise groups: identification, demographic characteristics, the structure of the group, the group head, the country of global decision centre, main activity code (NACE), consolidated employment and turnover of the group.
For information on units resident in EU Member States and in EFTA countries the EGR uses data from the respective national statistical business registers, while commercial sources are used for covering units outside the EU and EFTA countries.
Identification of the legal units by the LEID
All legal units in the EGR process are identified by the so called legal entity identifier (LEID) number. The LEID number is a unique identification number assigned by the EGR system. A central EGR application, called the EGR Identification Service (EGR IS) manages the identification process and issues the LEID numbers.
Validation of the EGR frames is carried out by national statistical institutes of EU and EFTA countries and by Eurostat according to different roles and responsibilities. For the largest enterprise groups the methodology of international profiling will be applied.
Monitoring the EGR information is only one essential part to assure EGR quality. The entire quality of the EGR cannot be tackled in an isolated context. EGR quality depends closely on the process and data quality of the national statistical business registers (NSBR).
Therefore the management of the EGR quality is embedded in a global data quality program (DQP) for statistical business registers in Europe.
The DQP targets to improving consistency, accuracy and comparability of national and international processes and outputs in the European network of SBR. The program has been launched in 2016 and will be fully operational in 2017.
The EGR produces yearly data. The EGR frames for reference year T are available for users at T + 15 months. The first reference year of EGR was 2008, since that a frame was produced for all reference years.
The current EGR process is running under version 2.0, this EGR version is in production since 2015. The switch to EGR 2.0 improved the EGR process, with the new IT system currently EGR is collecting NSI data and improving them with commercial data. The EGR 1.0 process was validation of commercial data by national data.
EGR 2.0 offers on-line applications for users with remote access. With the EGR applications users can identify legal units, browse and improve the EGR data. Users and producers benefit from the following EGR applications:
|EGR Identification Service (EGR IS)||Application supporting the EGR producers in identifying legal units.|
|EGR Core application (EGR CORE)||The heart of EGR 2.0 system, it stores, transforms and consolidates input data of different sources and generates the EGR frames.|
|EGR Interactive Module (EGR IM)||Interactive web interface to browse and validate data in the consolidation area of EGR.|
|EGR FATS online interface (EGR FATS)||Application providing users with a FATS statistics oriented web interface to browse and download EGR data.|
Results of the EGR 2014 cycle
For reference year 2014 EGR produced a final picture on 61 000 multinational enterprise groups covering 781 000 thousand legal units.
To respond to the need for better and easy communication regarding EGR issues, within the ESS and the ESCB, Eurostat created the wiki page, called "EGR communication space".
This wiki allows to
- retrieve relevant up-to-date information regarding the EGR
- exchange information; e.g. problems met during realising a task in the EGR production cycle, and the solution found.
Members of the EGR wiki have to be actively involved in the EGR project in a national statistical institute, national central bank, in the European Central Bank or in the European Commission - Eurostat. Requests for access to the EGR wiki should be sent to the EGR Team via the national EGR contact persons in the institutions.