- Statistics Illustrated
- Indicator framework
- Strategies and policies
Social inclusion, demography and migration is one of the seven key challenges of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS).
The strategy sets out the objective of creating a socially inclusive society by taking into account solidarity between and within generations and to secure and increase the quality of life of citizens as a precondition for lasting individual well-being.
The following set of indicators was agreed to measure progress in the social inclusion theme:
Key trends (2015 monitoring)
The trends observed in social inclusion are mixed. While progress in the subthemes "Monetary poverty and living conditions" and "Access to labour market" is lacking, the evolution of the education indicators is positive.
- The number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion fell consistently between 2005 and 2009 but started to rise again with the onset of the economic crisis. In 2012, the number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU-28 peaked at more than 124 million, before falling back by more than one million in 2013. The number of people at risk of poverty after social transfers in the EU-28 has risen by 1.8 % since 2010, while in 2013 48.3 million people in the EU-28 were living in conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources. Income inequality barely changed between 2008 and 2013. In 2013, the richest 20 % of the population earned about five times as much as the poorest 20 %.
- Very low work intensity increased by 5.3 % in the EU-28 between 2010 and 2013 and the share of working poor increased between 2005 and 2013 by 8.5 %. Until 2013 the long-term unemployment rate climbed to a high of 5.1 % and remained at this level in 2014. Between 2006 and 2013, there was a 1.3 percentage point drop in the gender pay gap.
- The share of early leavers from education and training has fallen steadily since 2003, reaching 11.1 % in 2014. Furthermore, the share of the population aged 30 to 34 with tertiary educational attainment has been continuously increasing since 2002, reaching 37.9 % in 2014. Participation in lifelong learning increased steadily and reached 10.7 % of people aged 25 to 64 in 2014.
More information on the evaluation of changes for the EU Sustainable Development Indicators (EU SDIs) on social inclusion is available on Statistics Explained: Sustainable development - social inclusion.