Maritime policy

The EU's integrated maritime policy seeks to maximise the sustainable use of the oceans and seas; enhance Europe's knowledge and innovation potential in maritime affairs; ensure development and sustainable growth in coastal regions; strengthen Europe's maritime leadership and raise the profile of maritime issues across Europe.

The blue economy includes well-established activities such as shipbuilding and fishing as well as emerging ones such as offshore renewable energy and marine biotechnology.  The EU's Blue Growth initiative aims at strengthening both.

Coastal/Non-coastal regional typology

Europe is surrounded by oceans and seas.

Maritime regions in the EU are defined as statistical NUTS 3 regions having a coastline or more than half of their population living less than 50 km from the sea. Although not fulfilling these conditions, Hamburg is also included.

Statistics on maritime regions aim to measure economic, social and environmental issues related to coastal regions, sea basins and the maritime economic sectors.


© EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Baltic Sea
North East Atlantic Ocean
Mediterranean Sea
North Sea
Black Sea
Outermost Regions