Economic globalisation indicators provide an overview of the main trends in globalisation. They are based on data already available in the Eurostat database and have been constructed so that they can be meaningfully compared across countries. There are five groups in which a total of twelve indicators were presented in June 2014:
- International trade: Share of imports of goods and services in % of GDP, share of exports of goods and services in % of GDP, export to import ratio.
- Foreign direct investment (FDI): share of inward FDI stocks in % of GDP, share of outward FDI stocks in % of GDP, FDI flows intensity – market integration.
- Employment: Employment in foreign controlled enterprises as a share of total domestic employment, employment development in foreign controlled enterprises, employment development in foreign affiliates of domestic enterprises.
- Research and development (R&D): R&D expenditure in foreign controlled enterprises as a share of total R&D expenditure.
- Value added: Value added in foreign controlled enterprises as a share of total value added, value added development in foreign controlled enterprises.
This first release of main indicators provides data on country level.
In May 2015 Eurostat has provided a second release in which indicators have been broken down by economic activity and partner (intra-EU / extra-EU). For the extra-EU part of these indicators the data will be broken down further for the main trading partners (USA, China, India, Japan, Russia and Brasil) in the summer of 2015. Eurostat aims also to publish experimental indicators based on microdata linking in the first half of 2018.