Eurostat's statistics on asylum and managed migration comes from the Member States Ministries of Interior and related Immigration Agencies (see more in the Methodology section and in the Metadata attached to the data tables).
Data are provided by the Member States since 2008 reference year on the basis of Migration Statistics Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 862/2007) with the exception of Asylum data on applications and first instance decisions for which data prior to 2008 are available.
Asylum and Managed migration data covers:
Asylum: including data on asylum applicants, first instance and final decisions on applications, resettlement, taking back or taking charge of asylum seekers (Dublin statistics). More on this subject
Residence permits: authorizations to stay granted to non-EU citizens by reasons for the permit issuance, stock of valid residence permits, stock of long-term residents, grants of Blue Cards. More on this subject
Enforcement of immigration legislation (EIL): non-EU citizens refused entry at the EU external borders or found to be illegally present at the territory of the EU Member State, obligations to leave the territory of the Member State, removals of non-EU citizens whose presence was unauthorised. More on this subject
Each of these statistical areas is presented in more detail including recent statistics in the respective Statistics Explained section.