Quarterly national accounts - updated estimate
- Data from 11 January 2018. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned update of the article: 13 April 2018
This article presents key messages and data extractions based on Eurostat's updated estimation of quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) for the third quarter of 2017 in the European Union (EU-28) and euro area (EA-19) released on 12 January 2018. This completes a sequence of quarterly estimates of European main national accounts aggregates (including employment) that are produced based on available country data (see previous news releases). Notable revisions for gross fixed capital formation and imports are mostly related to the incorporation of Irish data.
- 1 Main statistical findings
- 2 Context
- 3 See also
- 4 Further Eurostat information
- 5 External links
Main statistical findings
Euro area and European Union
GDP up by 0.7 % in both the euro area and in the EU-28
GDP rose by 0.7 % in both the euro area (EA-19) and in the EU-28 during the third quarter of 2017, compared with the previous quarter, according to an updated estimate (see Data sources and availability) published by Eurostat. In the second quarter of 2017, GDP grew also by 0.7 % in both the euro area and the EU-28.
Compared with the same quarter of the previous year, seasonally adjusted GDP rose by 2.8 % in both the euro area and in the EU-28 in the third quarter of 2017, after +2.4 % and +2.5 % respectively in the previous quarter.
During the third quarter of 2017, GDP in the United States increased by 0.8 % compared with the previous quarter (after also +0.8 % in the second quarter of 2017). Compared with the same quarter of the previous year, GDP rose by 2.3 % (after +2.2 % in the previous quarter).
GDP growth by Member States
Among Member States for the third quarter of 2017, Ireland (+4.2%), Romania (+2.6 %) and Malta (+1.9%) recorded the highest growth compared with the previous quarter, while GDP decreased in Denmark (-0.5%) and remained almost stable in Lithuania (0.1%).
GDP components and contributions to growth
During the third quarter of 2017, household final consumption expenditure (NPISH included) rose by 0.4 % in both the euro area and the EU-28 (after +0.6 % and +0.5 % respectively in the previous quarter). Gross fixed capital formation decreased by -0.3 % in the euro area and increased by 0.1 % in the EU-28 (after 1.7 % in both areas). Exports rose by 1.5 % in the euro area and 1.3 % in the EU-28 (after +1.1 % and +1.2 %). Imports increased by 0.5 % in both the euro area and in the EU-28 (after +1.6 % and +1.4 %).
Household final consumption expenditure had a positive contribution to GDP growth in both the euro area and the EU-28 (+0.2 percentage points - pp). The contribution of gross fixed capital formation was also negative in the euro area (-0.1 pp) and neutral in the EU-28. The change in inventories was neutral for both the euro area and the EU-28. The contribution of the external balance was positive for both the euro area and the EU-28 (slightly).
The detailed tables of GDP estimate 2017Q3 are available here.
Data sources and availability
Eurostat collects GDP data in the framework of ESA 2010. See here for more details. Additional information on the dissemination of ESA 2010 data is available under latest news on the dedicated website and in the database section National accounts (ESA 2010) (na10)
European aggregates are revised at specific release dates. The preliminary flash estimate of GDP growth in the fourth quarter of 2017 will be released on 30 January 2018 and will be updated on 14 February 2018. The next regular estimates of European aggregates are due on 7 March 2018 (GDP estimate) and 14 March 2018 (employment estimate).
Quarterly figures on the evolution of gross domestic product (GDP) and its main aggregates are among the most significant indicators of the state of any economy, be it at a national or European level, and are of key interest to users. Typical users of quarterly national accounts (QNA) figures are market analysts, forecasters or economic and monetary policy advisors interested in assessing the state of the current business cycle.
Further Eurostat information
- Annual national accounts (t_nama_10)
- Quarterly national accounts (t_namq_10)
- Annual national accounts (nama_10)
- Quarterly national accounts (namq_10)
Methodology / Metadata
- Annual national accounts (ESMS metadata file — nama_esms)
- European system of account — ESA 2010
- European system of accounts — ESA 1995
- NACE Rev.2 publication
- Quarterly national accounts (ESMS metadata file — namq_esms)
- Regulation (EC) No 1392/2007 of 13 November 2007 amending Regulation (EC) No 2223/96 with respect to the transmission of national accounts data
- ESA 2010 Introduction