Natural gas consumption statistics

Data from July 2016. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned article update: June 2017.

This article looks at monthly cumulated data on natural gas in the European Union (EU) for the years 2014 and 2015, as well as trends between these two years. It covers all aspects of the supply side - primary production, imports and exports, stock changes, gross inland consumption - as well as natural gas energy dependency data by Member State and for the European aggregates EU-28 and euro area.

Figure 1: Gross inland consumption in EU-28
in thousand terajoules (gross calorific value)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_103a) (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Main statistical findings

Figure 2: Percentage of extra-EU imports (entries) of natural gas by country of origin
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m)
Table 1: Provisional natural gas balance sheet in thousand terajoules (GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Table 2: Provisional natural gas balance sheet in thousand terajoules (GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 3: Gross inland consumption in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 4: Primary production in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m)
Figure 5: Total imports (entries) and exports (exits) in thousand terajoules (GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Consumption trends

In 2015, gross inland consumption of natural gas in EU-28 increased by 4.3 % in comparison with 2014, to reach 16 733 thousand terajoules. EA-18 consumption also increased, by 6.1 %, to 11 781 thousand terajoules. The most significant increases in consumption in comparison with 2014 were recorded in Slovakia (+21.1 %), Croatia (+11.9 %), Portugal (+11.2 %) and Bulgaria (+10.4 %). The biggest falls in consumption compared with 2014 were in Finland (-11.4 %), Estonia (-10.4 %), Sweden (-8.9 %) and Luxembourg (-8.8 %).

Supply structure

EU-28 natural gas production fell by 9.3 % in comparison with 2014, to total 4 989 thousand terajoules. For EA-18, a decrease of 20.8 % was recorded and production amounted to 2 400 thousand terajoules in 2015. Of the main EU producers, the Netherlands registered a drop in production of 23.6 %, with decreases of 53.0 % in Bulgaria, 17.7 % in Germany, 12.5 % in Ireland and 6.3 % in Slovakia. In contrast, there was an increase of 160.0 % in natural gas production in Spain, 53.9 % in France, 8.2 % in the United Kingdom and 6.8 % in Croatia.

Total EU-28 imports of natural gas increased by 2.1 % to total 24 136 thousand terajoules. The most significant increase in 2015 compared with 2014 was observed in the Netherlands, with increases also in Slovakia, Portugal, Italy and Greece. In EA-18, imports of natural gas increased by 4.6 % to total 18 387 thousand terajoules in 2015. It is important to remember that following the change in methodology in reporting natural gas trade, introduced starting with data for January 2013, monthly data concerning imports by country of origin are no longer completely comparable with previous year's figures. The new reporting provides import figures by last transit country (neighbouring country) instead of by country of primary / indigenous production. As regards the origin of imports, Norway is the source of 29.9 % of the natural gas entering the EU (Intra-EU trade excluded) and Russia of 16.7 %, while 15.0 % come from Ukraine and 12.7 % from Belarus. Natural gas dependency in EU-28 was 69.3 % in 2015, slightly up from 67.4 % in 2014. Denmark and Netherlands are the only net exporters. In 18 Member States energy dependency is higher than 90 %.

Data sources and availability

All data used in this article correspond to cumulative monthly figures and may differ from the annual data. For confidentiality reasons, EU-28 primary production, resources and gross inland consumption for reference years 2011 and 2012 do not include data for Bulgaria.

The reporting is based on Energy statistics Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008.


In Table 1 and Table 2, negative dependency rate indicates a net exporter country. Positive values over 100 % indicate stocks build-up during the reference period.

See also

Further Eurostat information


Main tables

Energy Statistics - quantities (t_nrg_quant)
Primary production of energy by resource (ten00076)
Gross inland energy consumption by fuel type (tsdcc320)
Final energy consumption by product (ten00095)
Energy dependence (tsdcc310)


Energy Statistics - quantities, monthly data (nrg_quant)
Energy Statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10m)
Supply - gas - monthly data (nrg_103m)
Energy statistics - imports (by country of origin) (nrg_12m)
Imports (by country of origin) - gas - monthly data (nrg_124m)
Energy statistics - exports (by country of destination) (nrg_13m)
Exports (by country of destination) - gas - monthly data (nrg_134m)

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)

Other information