Natural gas consumption statistics

Data from July 2017. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned article update: July 2018.

This article looks at monthly cumulated data on natural gas in the European Union (EU) for the years 2015 and 2016, as well as trends between these two years. It covers all aspects of the supply side - primary production, imports (entries) and exports (exits), stock changes, gross inland consumption - as well as natural gas energy dependency data by Member State and for the European aggregates EU-28 and euro area.

Figure 1: Gross inland consumption in EU-28
in thousand terajoules (gross calorific value)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_103a) (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Main statistical findings

Figure 2: Percentage of extra-EU imports (entries) of natural gas by country of origin
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m)
Table 1: Provisional natural gas balance sheet in thousand terajoules (GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Table 2: Provisional natural gas balance sheet in thousand terajoules (GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 3: Gross inland consumption in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m), (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)
Figure 4: Primary production in thousand terajoules(GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_103m)
Figure 5: Total imports (entries) and exports (exits) in thousand terajoules (GCV)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_124m), (nrg_134m)

Consumption trends

In 2016, gross inland consumption of natural gas in EU-28 increased by 7.0 % in comparison with 2015, to reach 17 903 thousand terajoules. EA-19 consumption also increased, by 5.8 %, to 12 456 thousand terajoules. The most significant increases in consumption in comparison with 2015 were recorded in Greece (+30.2 %), Sweden (+13.0 %), United Kingdom (+12.9 %), Portugal (+12.4 %) and Ireland (+11.6 %). The biggest falls in consumption compared with 2015 were in Lithuania (-10.9 %), Luxembourg (-7.8 %), Finland (-6.7 %) and the Netherlands (-1.6 %).

Supply structure

EU-28 natural gas production fell by 2.6 % in comparison with 2015, to total 4 859 thousand terajoules. For EA-19, a decrease of 6.0 % was recorded and production amounted to 2 256 thousand terajoules in 2016. Of the main EU producers, the Netherlands registered a drop in production of 10.4 %. Decreases could also be observed for Italy (14.6 %), Romania (11.1 %), Germany (9.4 %) and Poland (3.6 %). In contrast, there was an increase of 2161.0 % in natural gas production in Ireland, but also of 73.6 % in France, 13.0 % in Bulgaria, 6.0 % in Slovakia, and 5.0 % in Hungary. With an increase in natural gas production of 4.2 % compared to 2015, the United Kingdom became in 2016 the first producer of natural gas in the EU-28, overtaking the Netherlands for the first time since 2008.

Total EU-28 imports (entries) of natural gas increased by 5.5 % to total 25 452 thousand terajoules. The most significant increase in 2016 compared with 2015 was observed in Romania, with very high proportional increases also recorded in Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Slovenia and Sweden. In EA-19, imports of natural gas increased by 5.1 % to total 19 318 thousand terajoules in 2016. It is important to remember that following the change in methodology in reporting monthly natural gas trade, introduced starting with reference month January 2013, monthly data concerning imports by country of origin are no longer completely comparable with previous years' figures. The new reporting provides import figures by last transit country (mostly neighbouring countries) instead of by country of primary / indigenous production. As regards the origin of imports, Norway is the source of 26.9 % of the natural gas entering the EU (Intra-EU trade excluded) and Russia of 18.3 %, while also 17.1 % comes from Ukraine and 11.5 % from Belarus. Natural gas dependency in EU-28 was 70.4 % in 2016, slightly up from 69.3 % in 2015. Denmark and Netherlands are the only net exporters. In 16 Member States energy dependency is higher than 90 %.

Data sources and availability

All data used in this article correspond to cumulative monthly figures and may differ from the annual data. For confidentiality reasons, EU-28 primary production, resources and gross inland consumption for reference years 2011 and 2012 do not include data for Bulgaria.

The reporting is based on Energy statistics Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008.


In Table 1 and Table 2, a negative dependency rate indicates a net exporter country. Positive values over 100 % indicate stocks build-up during the reference period.

See also

Further Eurostat information


Main tables

Energy Statistics - quantities (t_nrg_quant)
Primary production of energy by resource (ten00076)
Gross inland energy consumption by fuel type (tsdcc320)
Final energy consumption by product (ten00095)
Energy dependence (tsdcc310)


Energy Statistics - quantities, monthly data (nrg_quant)
Energy Statistics - supply, transformation, consumption (nrg_10m)
Supply - gas - monthly data (nrg_103m)
Energy statistics - imports (by country of origin) (nrg_12m)
Imports (by country of origin) - gas - monthly data (nrg_124m)
Energy statistics - exports (by country of destination) (nrg_13m)
Exports (by country of destination) - gas - monthly data (nrg_134m)

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Source data for tables and figures on this page (MS Excel)

Other information