Europe 2020 headline indicators

This article presents a statistical view of the Europe 2020 strategy of the European Union (EU), aimed at creating a smarter, greener and more inclusive economy and society. Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, has created eight headline indicators and three sub-indicators to monitor progress towards the strategy targets. A comprehensive overview of available data can be found in the online publication Smarter, greener, more inclusive - indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy, also downloadable as PDF file.

The Europe 2020 strategy

As a leading provider of official statistics on the European Union (EU) and in response to the growing interest in data on the Europe 2020 strategy, Eurostat produces and disseminates statistical data to support the strategy. Progress towards the Europe 2020 targets is monitored by means of nine headline indicators and additional sub-indicators. Data on the headline indicators are disseminated through a Dedicated section on the Eurostat website.

In late 2013, Eurostat introduced a new type of ‘flagship publication’ with the aim of providing statistical analyses related to important European Commission policy frameworks or important economic, social or environmental phenomena. The purpose of the first of these flagship publications – entitled ‘Smarter, greener, more inclusive? — Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy’ – was to provide statistical support for the Europe 2020 strategy and to back-up the monitoring of its headline targets. An updated 2015 edition of the publication was published in March 2015, looking into past trends, generally since 2002 or 2008, up to the most recent year for which data are available (2012 or 2013).

The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU’s agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe’s economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy.

In the EU policy context there is a synergy between the Europe 2020 strategy and the long-term strategy of the EU – the Sustainable development strategy (SDS). Europe 2020 headline indicators are a core part of the indicators monitored by Eurostat in the publication Sustainable development in the European Union - Monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.

The key objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy are expressed in the form of five headline targets at the EU level:

  • Increasing the employment rate of the population aged 20-64 to at least 75%.
  • Increasing combined public and private investment in R & D to 3% of GDP.
  • Climate change and energy targets:
  • Moving towards a 20% increase in energy efficiency.

The EU headline targets have been translated into national targets, as defined in the National Reform Programmes. These reflect each Member State’s situation and the level of ambition they are able to reach as part of the EU-wide effort for implementing the Europe 2020 strategy.

Europe 2020 headline indicators, EU-28, 2008-13
Source: Eurostat (see Dedicated section)

See also

Further Eurostat information


Main tables

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Other information

External links