Air passenger transport - monthly statistics

Data extracted in September 2016. Most recent data: Further Eurostat information, Main tables and Database. Planned article update: January 2017.

This article describes the recent monthly development of passenger transport by air in the European Union (EU). A distinction is made between national (domestic), intra and extra-EU transport, and the article also looks at the importance of airports.

Figure 1: Share of and change in EU-28 monthly passengers carried in 2014 and 2015 (million passengers).
For more details about the data presented, please see the notes in the 'Data sources and availability' section.
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Figure 2: Change in EU-28 monthly passengers carried for 2014 and 2015 (compared to the same month of the previous year) (%).
For more details about the data presented, please see the notes in the 'Data sources and availability' section
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Table 1: Thousand passengers carried per country: monthly data for 2014 and 2015.
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoc)
Table 2: Thousand passengers handled in top airports: monthly data for 2014 and 2015.
Source: Eurostat (avia_paoa)

Main statistical findings

Development of air passenger transport at EU level

In the course of 2014 and 2015, the upward trend already observed in passenger transport by air for previous years was confirmed at EU-28 level, an increase of 4.1 % was recorded between 2013 and 2014 and the figures for 2015 indicate a year-on-year rise of 4.4 % compared with 2014 - See Table 1.

In 2015, international intra-EU transport represented more than 45 % of all passengers carried at EU-28 level, followed by extra-EU transport (more than 37 %) and national transport (more than 18 %) - see Figure 1

Figure 2 shows that all the months of 2014 displayed an increase on the previous year (ranging from +0.2 % in March to +6.6 % in April). All the months of 2015 showed rises compared with the same period of 2014, the largest rise taking place in March (+5.9 % compared with the corresponding month of 2014).

Air passenger transport at country level

Analysing passenger transport at country level generally confirms the upward trend observed in 2014 and 2015 at EU-28 level, although transport development varies significantly depending on the country considered. For 2015, all 28 Member States and all extra-EU reporting countries (except Norway) showed an increase in passenger volumes compared with 2014. Particularly remarkable is the growth observed for Slovakia (+16 %) and Romania (+15 %) among the EU Member States. At the other end of the scale, the lowest growths were observed in passenger transport for Bulgaria (+1.2 %) and for Austria (+1.4%).

Outside the EU-28, the level of the growth differs across countries: on the one hand, the highest year-on-year increases were registered in Iceland (+26 %) and FYROM (+18 %) while, on the other hand, a minor decrease was observed in Norway (-0.3 %).


Air passenger transport at airport level

Within the top 30 airports in terms of passenger transport, growths between 2014 and 2015 also differ substantially depending on the airport considered, reflecting the trends observed at country level. With the exception of Milano/Malpensa, all top 30 airports showed an increase over this period. Athens and London/Luton registered the highest rise among the largest airports with respectively an increase of 19 % and 17 %, followed by Dublin (+15 %). This contrasts with Milano/Malpensa airport, where passenger transport decreased by 1.2 % in 2015 compared with 2014 - see Table 2.

Data sources and availability

Definition of 'passengers carried'

All passengers on a particular flight counted once only and not repeatedly on each individual stage of that flight. This excludes direct transit passengers.

Exclusion of double counting

The national transport (included in total transport at country level) and intra-EU transport aggregates (included in total transport at EU level) have been calculated so as to exclude double counting by taking into account only departure declarations.

Notes on some reporting countries

  • Turkey: only provides flight stage data (Dataset A1) (in which there is no information on passenger carried) and airport declarations (Dataset C1) in which the partner airport is not provided (exclusion of double counting is not possible). The sum of all Turkish airport declarations (available in avia_tf_apal) is used in this publication. As a consequence the national total presented in Table 1 is overestimated (as it is not possible to apply double counting exclusion for national transport).
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: only provides airport declarations (Dataset C1) in which the partner airport is not provided (exclusion of double counting is not possible). The sum of all Macedonian airport declarations (available in avia_tf_apal) is used in this publication. As a consequence the national total presented in Table 1 is overestimated (as it is not possible to apply double counting exclusion for national transport).

Context

The content of this statistical article is based on data collected within the framework of the EU air transport statistics Regulation (EC) No 437/2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air.

The basic legal act was amended by:

See also

Further Eurostat information

Publications

Main tables

Air transport (t_avia)
Air transport of passengers (ttr00012)
Air transport of goods (ttr00011)

Database

Air transport (avia)
Air transport measurement - passengers (avia_pa)
Air transport measurement - freight and mail (avia_go)

Dedicated section

Methodology / Metadata

Source data for tables and figures (MS Excel)

Other information

Responsible unit

  • E3 Transport

External links