Classification of Forest Products (1982)

Code:  1
Description:  Wood in the rough
Explanatory notes:  Wood in its natural state as felled, or otherwise harvested, with or without bark, round, split, roughly squared or half-squared, rough-shaped or pointed, or in other forms (e.g. roots, stumps, burls, etc.). Together with items 3ll and 321, this group comprises all wood obtained from removals, i.e. the quantities removed from forests and from trees outside the forest including wood recovered from natural and harvesting losses.

Several of the products listed in this classification are also sometimes made from materials not regarded as wood in the rough. These include other ligno-cellulosic materials suitable for sawing (such as some palms), suitable for structural uses (such as bamboo or rattan) and other plant materials which may form the raw material for particle board, fibreboard or pulp, or serve as energy source.

a) Coniferous
Refers to wood derived from trees classified botanically as "Gymnospermae", e.g. Abies, Agathis, Araucaria, Cedrus, Larix, Picea, Pinus, etc. The term "softwood" usually refers to timber in this group.
b) Non-coniferous
Refers to wood derived from trees classified botanically as "Angiospermae", e.g. Betula, Casuarina, Dipterocarpus, Eucalyptus, Fagus, Khaya, Populus, Quercus, Shorea, Swietenia, Tectona, Terminalia, etc. The terms "hardwood" and "broadleaved usually refer to timbers in this group.