CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
Eurostat's Concepts and Definitions Database

 

Term
Degree of urbanisation
Term extension
Regional accounts and indicators
Definition
The concept "urbanisation" has been introduced in order to indicate the features of the area where the interviewed person lives.

Three area types have been identified:

- Densely populated area;
- Intermediate area;
- Thinly populated area.

In the above, the following definitions are used:

- rural grid cells: grid cells outside urban clusters;
- urban clusters: clusters of contiguous grid cells of 1 km2 with a density of at least 300 inhabitants per km2 and a minimum population of 5 000;
- high-density cluster: contiguous grid cells of 1 km2 with a density of at least 1 500 inhabitants per km2 and a minimum population of 50 000

Similar definitions are used in the Final report of the Task Force on core social variables (2007).
Remark
There are important differences in the form that social exclusion takes between urban and rural areas. For instance, housing costs tend to be higher in urban areas, while access to essential services and opportunities for social and cultural participation may be more restricted in rural areas. Problems with vandalism and crime also tend to be more prevalent in urban areas. Labour market, occupation tends also to be different in rural and urban areas. Access to broadband or mobile telecommunication networks can be problematic in more remote rural areas.

A measure of the extent of urbanisation of the area is important, therefore, as an explanatory variable in analyses of social statistics.
Source
Eurostat, "REGIO database - User's guide", 1999 Edition, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2000, p.48
Hyperlink
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/coded_files/regio_DB_user_guide_1999.pdf
Other link(s)
Final report of the Task Force on core social variables
Statistics Explained, a distinct section of the official Eurostat website presenting all statistical topics in an easily understandable way
Eurostat, EU Labour Force Survey Explanatory Notes (To be applied from 2012q1 onwards)
Statistical theme(s)
  • Population and Social Conditions
  • Other languages
    Term Term extension    
  • Urbanisierungsgrad
  • Regionalkonten und -indikatoren View (Deutsch)
  • Degré d'urbanisation
  • Comptes et indicateurs régionaux View (Français)
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