CLASSIFICATIONS
Statistical Classification of Products by Activity, Version 2.1


General description
Full title: Statistical Classification of Products by Activity, Version 2.1
Abbreviation: CPA 2.1; CPA Version 2.1; CPA v. 2.1
Originating authority: Commission of the European Communities (Statistical Office/Eurostat)
Legal basis: Commission Regulation (EU) No 1209/2014 of 29 October 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 451/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a new statistical classification of products by activity (CPA) and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3696/93 (Official Journal of the European Union No L 336, 22.11.2014, p. 1 - 149)
Implementation date: 1st January 2015
Predecessor classification(s): CPA 2008
Structure: Level 1: 21 sections identified by an alphabetical code (A to U);
Level 2: 88 divisions identified by a two-digit numerical code;
Level 3: 262 groups identified by a three-digit numerical code;
Level 4: 576 classes identified by a four-digit numerical code;
Level 5: 1357 categories identified by a five-digit numerical codes;
Level 6: 3218 sub-categories identified by a six-digit numerical code.
Succint description: The CPA is the European version of the CPC (Central Product Classifications of the United Nations), and the purposes it serves are in line with those of the CPC. Whilst the CPC is merely a recommended classification, however, the CPA is legally binding in the European Union. In addition, the specific survey classifications were and are linked to the CPA unless the CPA is itself used as a survey classification.

Although the CPA is the European counterpart of the CPC, it differs from the latter not only in that it is more detailed but also as regards its structuring. The view at European level was that a central product classification should be structured according to the criterion of economic origin, with the framework (and thus the definition of the economic activities) being based, naturally enough, on NACE Rev. 2. This recourse to NACE Rev. 2 with respect to the definitions of economic activity means that the structure of the CPA corresponds at all levels to that of NACE Rev. 2.

Since the elements of the CPA are based on those of the CPC, links between the CPA and the HS exist in the same way as those between the CPC and the HS which have been referred to above. The same also applies as regards the Explanatory Notes to the CPA.

National versions of the CPA are possible.
Linked classification(s): 1) NACE Rev. 2: agreement at four-digit level (classes);
2) International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Fourth Revision (ISIC Rev. 4);
3) Central Product Classification, Version (CPC Ver. 2): the CPA is the European version of the CPC, the former classification being more detailed in order to meet the specific needs of the European Union;
4) PRODCOM : agreement at six-digit level (PRODCOM has an additional level identified by an eight-digit numerical code);
5) Harmonized System (HS);
6) Combined Nomenclature (CN).
Usage: Products
Main statistical applications: National and regional accounts; input-output analysis; other analyses requiring product data (CPA provides a common EU framework for the comparison of statistical data on products [goods and services]).
Media through which available: RAMON: Eurostat's metadata server; Official Journal of the European Union (structure only)
Language(s): 23 official languages of the European Union as well as several non-EU countries.
Address of responsible agency: Statistical Office of the European Communities
Mrs Ana FRANCO LOPES (Unit DDG/02)
Tel.: + 00 352 4301 33209
E-mail: Ana.Franco@ec.europa.eu