Transboundary shipments of notified waste by partner, hazardousness and waste operations (env_wasship)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 05/07/2017
2.2. Metadata last posted 05/07/2017
2.3. Metadata last update 05/07/2017

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

The European Union (EU) has a system to supervise and control shipments of waste within its borders and with the countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and non-EU countries that have signed the Basel Convention.

In the EU, the regulatory framework for transboundary shipments of waste is Regulation 1013/2006 on shipments of waste, commonly referred to as the Waste Shipment Regulation (WShipR).The Regulation implements the Basel Convention and its ban on exporting hazardous waste from OECD countries to non-OECD countries, since these countries do not have proper and sufficient waste treatment capacity. The Regulation also implements the OECD-Council Decision on the control of transboundary shipments of waste. The OECD countries have developed a system for the notification of waste destined for recovery in the OECD countries. The WShipR also sets some additional requirements for transboundary shipments within and out of the EU.

A planned shipment subject to the procedure of prior notification and consent may take place only after the notification and movement documents have been completed. According to the WShipR, all wastes for disposal operations and for recovery operations, all hazardous waste as well as some problematic waste streams and other wastes defined by the WShipR, must be notified to the authorities before it is allowed to be transboundany shipped. The notification document is described in Annex IA of the WShipR. Typically the notification document covers the whole intended amount for shipment (block 5 of the notification document). This intended amount is not necessarily the same amount as the actual quantity shipped and received at the disposal or recovery facility, which is reported to the authorities according to the so called movement document described in Annex IB of the WShipR (block 18 and 19 of the movement document)..

The notification and movement documents shall include the codes that identify the waste type according to Annex III, IIIA, IIIB, IV or IVA of the WShipR. That is to say in practice mainly the codes applied by the Basel convention, additional codes according to OECD-Council Decision and the European list of waste. Furthermore the notification and movement documents shall include information about hazardness characteristics (so called H-code and UN-class), the disposal and recovery operation code.

Based on the above mentioned notification and movement documents Member States report to the EU on the basis of Article 51 of the WShipR. Article 51 point 2 requires Member States to send to the Commission before the end of each calendar year a copy of the report for the previous year in accordance with Article 13(3) of the Basel Convention, which is submitted to the Secretariat of that Convention. The report consists of three parts: Part I, Part IIA and Part IIB.Part IIA of the Basel report includes four tables Table 6 (export), 7(import), 8A (generation of hazardous waste and other wastes) and 8B (generation of hazardous and other wastes by categories).

Moreover, Member States shall also submit a report for the previous year based on the questionnaire in Annex IX to the WShipR.

Eurostat only manages the data reporting included by Part IIA, whereas the DG in charge of managing information received via Part I, Part IIB and Annex IX to the WShipR.

3.2. Classification system

The shipments of waste data are broken down by type of waste, hazardous characteristics, treatment type, dispatch and destiny country. The amounts are reported in tonnes. The reporting details are laid down in the same format used by Member ´States for the reporting to the Basel Secretariat (Basel reporting format) and Annex IX of the WShipR 1013/2006/EC.

Regarding the type of shipped waste Member States are requested in addition to the Y-codes and codes according to Annex VIII (A-codes) and Annex IX (B-codes) of the Basel Convention also to includethe European List of Waste code in their reporting, if possible. This request has also been underlined at two meetings of the EU Waste Shipment Correspondents on 7th October 2014 and 10th September 2015. At the two meetings the Commission requested Member States to use and report both European List of Waste Codes and'A' and 'B' codes in their Basel reports (not just the 'Y' codes) in order to assist in the preparation of good statistics on the type of waste streams shipped. In addition, Member States have also been requested to report all notifiable waste streams in their Basel reports (not just the hazardous waste), in order to minimize the discrepancies observed between the imported and the exported quantities of waste in the Member States.

3.3. Coverage - sector

All waste, which has to be notified before dispatch, is to be included by the reporting to EU according to Article 51 of the WShipR. Article 51 (1) includes all hazardous waste and other wastes (Y-46 and Y47) as defined by the Basel Convention and reported to the Basel Secretariat. Article 51 (2) includes other wastes that have according to the WShipR to go through a prior notification procedure. For example, the shipments of certain non-hazardous wastes (green listed wastes) for recovery to certain non-OECD countries have to be notified according to the WShipR. Shipments of green listed waste notrequiring notification are excluded from reporting.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The notified shipped waste has to be reported according to:

Waste category stated by Basel code according to the Convention’s Annex I, II, VIII or IX if applicable, OECD-code if different from Basel code or European List of Waste code

  • Hazardous characteristics (H-code and UN-class)
  • Amount stated in tonne
  • Country/countries of transit stated by ISO-code
  • Country of destination or country of origin stated by ISO-code
  • Final disposal operation stated by each of the individual disposal codes  D1 to D15.
  • Final recovery operation R1 to R13 stated by each of the individual recovery codes R1 to R13

In the database the reported data are presented in the following way:

  • 'Partner' shows the country of destination or country of origin;
  • 'Hazardousness of waste' stated either as 'Hazardous waste' or as 'Total waste', which includes all notified waste and not only hazardous waste;
  • 'Geo' states the reporting country;
  • 'WST OPER' states how the waste is treated. It is possible to choose between 'Total waste treatment, 'Disposal' (total amount of shipped waste for disposal (D1-D15), 'Recovery' (total amount of shipped waste for recovery (R1-R13) or 'Waste operation R and D not allocated'. The last category covers wastes, where a mixture of disposal and recovery codes have been reported or no code has been reported;
  • 'Stock or flow' states whether the waste is exported or imported,
  • 'Unit' states the shipped amount of waste in tonne.
3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical units are wastes notified before shipment generated by all economic activities according to Nace Rev. 2 and by  households .

3.6. Statistical population

All notified waste registered under Block 18 and Block 19 of the Movement document for transboundary shipments of waste according to the WShipR.  That is to say the amount actually received at the disposal or recovery facilities. Amounts are reported according to the year arriving at the facility pursuant to Article 16(d) of the the WShipR.

3.7. Reference area

Data are presented in the database for each of the reporting EU Member States and for the total EU. The reported amounts are linked to each of the partner countries, where the waste is exported to or imported from. The partner countries are presented as:

  • each of the EU-28 Member States;
  • Total EU;
  • Each of the non-EU countries;
  • Total for non-OECD countries;
  • Total for EFTA countries;
  • total for OECD countries not member of EFTA (OECD, non-EFTA).

Data in Statistics Explained are presented for the EU, Member States that joined the EU before 2004, Member States that joined the EU from 2004 and onwards, as well as for each Member State individually.

The European Union is presented in its current composition (EU-28).

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data in the database are presented from 2010 and onwards whereas  data on shipments of waste from 2001 onwards is shown in the excel-file 'Data on waste shipments, all available years' published on the 

3.9. Base period

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure Top


5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

European Parliament and Council Regulation 1013/2006/EC of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste (consolidated version of 26 May 2014)

International law on waste shipments:

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal - adopted 1989, with later amendments

OECD Decision C(2001)107/ (as amended by C(2004)20, unofficial consolidated text) - applies to shipments of green-listed wastes for recovery

Bilateral and multilateral agreements between EU and non-OECD countries

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

not applicable

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Data received in December will normally be published about 1 year later. The long period before publication is due to the quality checks of the imply an intensive dialogue with the Member States.

8.2. Release calendar access

see 8.1

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained article : Waste shipment statistics

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

The data on transboundary shipments of waste can be downloaded here

A  ‘zipped' file containing an Excel xlsx file with data on very detailed level to be used only with Excel versions able to read xlsx files can be found

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable, there are no micro data, Member States compile data. However, the data available under point 10.3 are on very detailed level.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Data centre waste website:

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Details on the reporting intervals, definitions and breakdown of data can be found in the European Parliament and Council Regulation 1013/2006/EC of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste (consolidated version of 26 May 2014) and in the Eurostat guideline

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Not available.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Not available.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Data is collected for the monitoring of the shipment of waste according to the European Parliament and Council Regulation 1013/2006/EC of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Not applicable

12.3. Completeness

Reporting is mandatory, the data sets are of a high level of completeness.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Not available.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data has to be submitted 12 months after the reference period. The delay between the reference period and the data publication is about 24 months.

14.2. Punctuality

Data has to be submitted 12 months after the reference period.

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Not available.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Reporting is mandatory, comparability over time is fairly high

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not available.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not available.

16. Cost and Burden Top

No information

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

If necessary, data are revised about 12 months after publication

17.2. Data revision - practice

See 17.1

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

The notication approach is very detailed prescribed in in the European Parliament and Council Regulation 1013/2006/EC of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste. The reported data are therefore collected from the same sources. However, in some Member States the regional authorities and not one single authority are in charge of the administration of the shipment procedures. In these cases the data are reported from the regional authorities to the Federal authority, which then submits the data to Eurostat.

18.2. Frequency of data collection


18.3. Data collection

Data collection is done by Member States, by either the Ministry of Environment or Environmental Protection Agencies.

The eDAMIS workflow for Shipment of waste data is: WASTE_BASEL1_A; WASTE_BASEL2A_A, WASTE-BASEL2B_A; WASTE_EUQUEST_A

18.4. Data validation

Data validation is done by Eurostat in close cooperation with Member States' competent Authorities.

Analysis of the data is performed and in case of outliers or breaks in series clarification requests are sent to the Member States.

A special data validation is carried out by checking the consistency in what export and import Member States are reporting. The quantities reported by Member State A as import from Member State B should correspond to the respective export reported by Member State B. A significant difference in the reported quantities indicates that a reporting error might have happened at some point during the waste shipment registration.

18.5. Data compilation

Not applicable

18.6. Adjustment

Not available.

19. Comment Top


Related metadata Top

Annexes Top