Sales, collection and recycling of portable batteries and accumulators (env_waspb)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 06/12/2016
2.2. Metadata last posted 06/12/2016
2.3. Metadata last update 06/12/2016


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Information and data are collected based on the Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators (subsequently called Battery Directive) and in Commission Decision 2008/763/EC establishing a common methodology for the calculation of annual sales of portable batteries and accumulators to end-users, and on Commission Regulation (EU) No 493/2012 laying down detailed rules regarding the calculation of recycling efficiencies of the recycling processes of waste batteries and accumulators.

The purpose of the collected data is to monitor compliance of countries with the quantitative targets for collection of batteries and accumulators that are set out in Article 10(2) and for recycling of batteries and accumulators that are set out in Article 12 (4) and in Annex III (Part B: Recycling) of the Directive.

The Battery Directive distinguishes between portable batteries and accumulators on the one hand and industrial and automotive batteries and accumulators on the other.

The collection target refers to portable batteries and accumulators and the recycling targets to all batteries and accumulators.

Further information on the policy need of data on batteries and accumulators can be found on the following website of Directorate General Environment:

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/batteries/index.htm

3.2. Classification system

The collection target refers to portable batteries and accumulators.

The recycling targets refer to all batteries and accumulators and are broken down into the following three battery types:

  • lead-acid batteries and accumulators,
  • nickel-cadmium batteries and accumulators, and
  • other batteries and accumulators 
3.3. Coverage - sector

The Directive applies to all types of batteries and accumulators, apart from those used in equipment to protect Member States' security or for military purposes, or in equipment designed to be sent into space.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The Battery Directive defines batteries and accumulators as follows:

(1) ‘battery’ or ‘accumulator’ means any source of electrical energy generated by direct conversion of chemical energy and consisting of one or more primary battery cells (non-rechargeable) or consisting of one or more secondary battery cells (rechargeable);

(2) ‘battery pack’ means any set of batteries or accumulators that are connected together and/or encapsulated within an outer casing so as to form a complete unit that the end-user is not intended to split up or open;

(3) ‘portable battery or accumulator’ means any battery, button cell, battery pack or accumulator that:

  • (a) is sealed; and 
  • (b) can be hand-carried; and
  • (c) is neither an industrial battery or accumulator nor an automotive battery or accumulator;

(4) ‘button cell’ means any small round portable battery or accumulator whose diameter is greater than its height and which is used for special purposes such as hearing aids, watches, small portable equipment and back-up power;

(5) ‘automotive battery or accumulator’ means any battery or accumulator used for automotive starter, lighting or ignition power;

(6) ‘industrial battery or accumulator’ means any battery or accumulator designed for exclusively industrial or professional uses or used in any type of electric vehicle;

Reporting is requested on the sales and collection of portable batteries and accumulators, and on the recycling of all batteries and accumulators.

With regard to recycling the Battery Directive differentiates the following three battery types:

  • lead-acid batteries and accumulators,
  • nickel-cadmium batteries and accumulators, and
  • other batteries and accumulators
3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical units are households and all economic activities according to Nace Rev. 2 that generate or treat waste.

3.6. Statistical population

All portable batteries and accumulators waste collected and all batteries and accumulators recycled per year.

3.7. Reference area

Data is published for each Member State separately.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data on batteries and accumulators is published for the years since 2009

3.9. Base period

Not applicable


4. Unit of measure Top

Tonnes and percentage


5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC [See amending acts].

Member States are requested to submit data and methodology reports  via EDAMIS related to the Battery Directive 2006/66/EC; Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2008/763/EC and Commission Regulation (EU) No 493/2012 by relevant deadlines (30 June),  the information required is transmitted to the Commission on an annual basis within 6 months after the end of the period covered.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

The European Commission DG Environment, as the responsible body for the relevant legislation, is informed about the details of the data validation. 


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Not applicable

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

see 7.1.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Data submission by the countries is due within 6 months after the end of the reporting period (30 June) on an annual basis and will be published three months after the due date (September).

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework Eurostat disseminates statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Every year


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not applicable

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained article: under development

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line in the Eurostat dissemination database:

Data on recycling of batteries and accumulators

Data on sales and collection of portable batteries and accumulators

Environmental Data Centre on Waste

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable, there are no micro data.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Details on the reporting intervals, definitions and breakdowns of data can be found in the Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators.

Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2008/763/EC and Commission Regulation (EU) No 493/2012.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Guidance documents


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

The quality assurance is a joint responsibility of the Member States and Eurostat. The Member States conduct the data collection and describe their sources and methods in a quality report. Eurostat carries out plausibility checks and comparability checks across countries. Observations will be discussed with the countries. Although the concepts, the classifications and the formats are clearly defined, the countries remain free to choose the sources and methods that fit them best.  This reporting obligation is in line with the Community legal framework.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Medium

The overall accuracy is of medium level.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

The purpose of the collected data is to monitor compliance of countries with the quantitative targets for collection of portable batteries and accumulators that are set out in Article 10(2) and for recycling of all batteries and accumulators that are set out in Article 12 (4) and in Annex III (Part B: Recycling) of the Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

See  Eurostats 'user satisfaction surveys

12.3. Completeness

Reporting is mandatory and the data sets are relative new and have a medium level of completeness.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

See 11.1

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data submission by the countries is due 6 months after the end of the reporting period (30 June) on an annual basis and will be published three months after the due date (September).

14.2. Punctuality

Annual data has to be submitted 6 months after the reference period. Relevant delay is observed for some countries.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Medium

Due to different methods applied by the member states the geographical comparability is limited but for the relevant target of good quality thus that the overall rating is medium.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Medium

Reporting is mandatory, due to data gaps comparability over time is assumed to be medium as of reference year 2009.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not available

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not applicable


16. Cost and Burden Top

No information.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Data are updated in Eurobase, if Member States send revised data.

17.2. Data revision - practice

See 17.1


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Article 12(1) of the Battery Directive 2006/66 requires the set-up of schemes for the collection, treatment and recycling of waste batteries and accumulators.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Every year.

18.3. Data collection

Ministries of Environment, or Environment Agencies collect the data and establish the methodology report on waste batteries and accumulators.

18.4. Data validation

Data validation is done by Eurostat in close cooperation with Member States' competent Authorities.

Analysis of the data is performed and in case of outliers or breaks in series clarification requests are sent to the Member States. In case of revision of data the Member State transmit a new web-form. 

Methodology reports from Member States are consulted during the validation process.

18.5. Data compilation

Not applicable.

18.6. Adjustment

Not available.


19. Comment Top

Not available


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top