Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) by waste operations (env_waselee)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

Download


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 14/09/2013
2.2. Metadata last posted 14/01/2015
2.3. Metadata last update 10/04/2017


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Data on Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is collected on the basis of Directive 2002/96/EC on WEEE which has been in force since February 2003.

The purpose of the collected data is to monitor compliance of countries with the quantitative targets for collection, reuse and recycling, and recovery of WEEE that are set out in Article 5(5) and Article 7(2) of Directive 2002/96/EC.

The Directive 2002/96/EC will be repealed from 15 February 2014 and will be replaced by Directive 2012/19/EU on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) which introduces stepwise higher collection targets that will apply from 2016 and 2019.

Further information on the policy need of data on WEEE can be found on the following website of Directorate General Environment: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/index_en.htm

3.2. Classification system

Following Annex IA to Directive 2002/96/EC WEEE data are defined in 10 product categories :

1. Large household appliances
2. Small household appliances
3. IT & Telecommunication
4. Consumer equipment
5. Lighting equipment
(excl. 5a)
5a. Gas discharge lamps
6. Electrical & electronic tools
7. Toys, leisure & sports equipment
8. Medical devices
9. Monitor & control instruments
10. Automatic dispensers

Commission Decision 2005/369/EC of 3 May 2005 is laying down rules for monitoring compliance of Member States and establishing data formats for the purposes of Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste electrical and electronic equipment (notified under document number C(2005) 1355).
For each product category data are broken down by the following categories:

  • put on the market
  • collection (from private households; other than from private households; total collected)
  • treatment (in the Member State; in another MS; outside the EC);
  • recovery
  • reuse and recycling
  • reused as whole appliances
3.3. Coverage - sector

All EEE placed on the market in the Community and all WEEE are covered, whether it is used or released at industrial, commercial, office, shop, service, household or any other level.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Waste electrical and electronic equipment’ (WEEE) and electrical and electronic equipment’ (EEE) and other key concepts for the purpose of monitoring the WEEE management are defined in the Directives 2002/96/EC and in the new Directive 2012/19/EU in their Article 3 respectively.

EEE and WEEE are defined in Article 3 of Directive 2012/19/EU as follows: ‘electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘EEE’ means equipment which is dependent on electric currents or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly and equipment for the generation, transfer and measurement of such currents and fields and designed for use with a voltage rating not exceeding 1 000 volts for alternating current and 1 500 volts for direct current; ‘waste electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘WEEE’ means electrical or electronic equipment which is waste within the meaning of Article 3(1) of Directive 2008/98/EC, including all components, sub-assemblies and consumables which are part of the product at the time of discarding;

The ‘recovery rate’ and the ‘reuse and recycling rates' (%) of WEEE measure the efficiency of the treatment process. The rates are defined as ratio between the 'recovered' and 'recycled and re-used' amounts versus the total amount of WEEE 'treated' (Article 7 (2) of Directive 2002/96/EC).

3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical units are households and all economic activities according to Nace Rev. 2 that generate or treat waste.

3.6. Statistical population

All WEEE waste generated and treated per year.

3.7. Reference area

Data are published for each Member State separately. The publication also contains data for countries of the European Economic Area.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Data on WEEE waste are published for the years since 2005.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

Tonnes and kilogram per capita and percentage; for the category ‘put on the market’ the number of equipment were reported until 2011 by one country (NL).


5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).

The Directive 2002/96/EC will be repealed from 15 February 2014 and will be replaced by Directive 2012/19/EU on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) which introduces stepwise higher collection targets that will apply from 2016 and 2019.

Member States are requested to submit data and methodology reports via EDAMIS related to the waste Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE); Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2005/369/EC, by relevant deadlines (30 June), the information required is transmitted to the Commission on a  yearly basis within 18 months after the end of the period covered.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

The European Commission DG Environment, as the responsible body for the relevant regulations, is informed about the details of the data validation. 


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

see 7.1.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Data submission by the countries is due 18 months after the end of the reporting period (30. June) on an annual basis and will be published three months after the due date (30. September).

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Every year.


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not applicable

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained article: Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Eurostat pocketbook: Energy transport and environment indicators

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line

WEEE data in the Eurostat dissemination database

Environmental Data Centre on Waste

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable, there are no micro data.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Details on the reporting intervals, definitions and breakdowns of data can be found in the Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).

As of 15 February 2014 the new Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 04 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) applies.

Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2005/369/EC.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Guidance documents


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

The quality assurance is a joint responsibility of the Member States and Eurostat. The Member States conduct the data collection and describe their sources and methods in a quality report. Eurostat can make comparisons over the countries and will discuss the issue of comparability with the countries. Although the concepts, the classifications and the formats are clearly defined, the countries remain free to choose the sources and methods that fit them best. This reporting obligation is in line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice.

For quality assurance Eurostat conducts each year a data validation, resulting in communication with the Member States. A validation report is submitted each year to the European Commission DG Environment, as the responsible body for the relevant regulations and the monitoring of the targets addressed.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Medium

The overall accuracy is of high level, but due to national methods applied the geographical comparability is medium only, while the comparability over time is of high quality.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Data is collected for the monitoring of the WEEE collection rate, WEEE recycling and recovery targets set by the Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and by  the new Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 04 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

See Eurostats 'user satisfaction surveys

12.3. Completeness

Reporting is mandatory and the data sets have a high level of completeness.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

High

The accuracy is of high quality. Only minor adjustments were necessary from time to time.

13.2. Sampling error

Due to the freedom of the countries to choose their methods, different sampling methods were used by countries for some parts of the reporting tables. Accordingly an overall assessment is not possible.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Due to the freedom of the countries to choose their methods the non-sampling errors are difficult to summarise at the European level.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Member States are requested to submit data and methodology reports via EDAMIS related to the waste Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE);

Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2005/369/EC, by relevant deadlines (30 June), the information required is transmitted to the Commission on a yearly basis within 18 months after the end of the period covered.

14.2. Punctuality

Annual data has to be submitted 18 months after the reference period. Relevant delay is observed for some countries and completes is rarely available without a delay of 6 month.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Medium

Due to different methods applied by the member states the geographical comparability is limited but for the relevant target of good quality thus that the overall rating is medium.

15.2. Comparability - over time

High

Reporting is mandatory, comparability over time is assumed to be fairly high as of reference year 2006.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not available.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Internal coherence is ensured by Eurostat thus aggregates are coherent with sub-aggregates.


16. Cost and Burden Top

No information.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

If necessary, data are updated in Eurobase, if Member States send newly revised data.

17.2. Data revision - practice

See 17.1


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Member States follow different approaches, the set-up of "producer compliance schemes" responsible for the implementation of and the reporting on Directive 2002/96/EC and Directive 2012/19/EU  on WEEE is very common.

National Statistical Institutes (or other competent authorities like Ministries of Environment or Environmental Protection Agencies) collect data from various sources:

  • Surveys
  • Administrative sources such as municipalities or other local authorities (provinces, regions, etc.), waste collectors at municipal/local level, waste treatment facilities
  • Reporting obligations under other Community Legislation, statistical estimation procedures on the basis of samples or waste related estimators
  • A combination of these methods.
18.2. Frequency of data collection

Every year.

18.3. Data collection

National  Statistical Institutes, Ministries of  Enviroment, or Environment Agencies collect the data and establish the methodology report on WEEE.

Reporting of data is implemented by Commission Decision 2005/369/EC, by relevant deadlines (30 June), the information required is transmitted to the Commission on a yearly basis within 18 months after the end of the period covered.

The EDAMIS workflow for WEEE is WASTE_WEEE_A  (data) and WASTE_WEEEMTH_A (methodology report). Member States are transmitting data and methodology report according to Commission Decision 2005/369/EC.

18.4. Data validation

Data validation is done by Eurostat in close cooperation with Member States' competent Authorities.

Analysis of the data is performed and in case of outliers or breaks in series clarification requests are sent to the Member States. In case of revision of data the Member State transmit a new web-form. 

Methodology reports from Member States are consulted during the validation process.

18.5. Data compilation

Directive 2002/96/EC sets out a rate of separate collection of at least four kilograms per inhabitant and year of WEEE from private households (Art. 5, 5). Eurostat calculates the collection rate, e.g. the "per capita" value by dividing the reported amount of separately collected WEEE from households by the average population of the relevant year.

The average population for the calculation of kg per person is taken from the table "Demographic balance and crude rates" (demo_gind, indic_de=AV) in Eurobase.

18.6. Adjustment

Not available.


19. Comment Top

Not available.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
Commission Decision of 3 May 2005 laying down rules for monitoring compliance of Member States and establishing data formats for the purposes of Directive
Directive 2012/19/EU of 4 July 2012 (Recast of the WEEE Directive)
2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste electrical and electronic equipment (notified under document number C(2005) 1355)
Country specific notes_WEEE