Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars (tsdtr450)

Indicator Profile (ESMS)

Data tables: tsdtr450

Compiling agency: Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4.Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Dissemination format
11. Accessibility of documentation
12. Quality management
13. Relevance
14. Accuracy
15. Timeliness and punctuality
16. Comparability
17. Coherence
18. Cost and Burden
19. Data revision
20. Statistical processing
21. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
14.1. Accuracy - overall not available
16.1. Comparability - geographical High
16.2. Comparability - over time High
20.1. Source data EEA

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 18/09/2013
2.2. Metadata last posted 06/03/2015
2.3. Metadata last update 06/03/2015


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

This indicator is defined as the average emissions of carbon dioxide per kilometre by new passenger cars registered in a given year.

 

The indicator is a Sustainable Development Indicator, as it has been chosen for the assessment of the EU progress towards the targets of the Sustainable Development Strategy.
It is also a Resource Efficiency Indicator, as it has been chosen for the assessment of the progress towards the objectives and targets of the Europe 2020 flagship initiative on Resource efficiency presented in the Resource Efficiency scoreboard.

 

tsdtr450´s table: Eurobase > Tables by themes > Environment and energy > Environment > Greenhouse gases/Air pollution > Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars (tsdtr450)

tsdtr450´s table within the SDI set: Eurobase > Tables on EU policy> Sustainable Development Indicators > Sustainable transport > Transport impacts > Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars (tsdtr450)

tsdtr450´s table within the Europe 2020 set: Eurobase > Tables on EU policy > Europe 2020 Indicators > Resource efficiency > Key areas > Ensuring efficient mobility > Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars (tsdtr450)

3.2. Classification system

Classification in DPSIR (Driving forces, Pressures, State, Impact, Responses): Pressure

3.3. Coverage - sector

Not available

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

This indicator is defined as the average emissions of carbon dioxide per kilometre by new passenger cars registered in a given year.

3.5. Statistical unit

Not available

3.6. Statistical population

Not available

3.7. Reference area

EU-28 (except Croatia) and Norway

3.8. Coverage - Time

Since 1995 onwards (at present up to 2013).

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

Average specific emissions of CO2 for each new passenger car, measured in grams per kilometre.


5. Reference Period Top

Not available


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

List of relevant documentation (including main legislation for 2015, implementing legislation for 2015, proposed legislation for 2020, and monitoring legislation)

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not available


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy
Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment
Not available


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Not available

8.2. Release calendar access
Not available
8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat´s website (see item 10 - ´Dissemination format´) respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Data are disseminated on annual basis.


10. Dissemination format Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release
Not available
10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Eurostat Statistical Books: Sustainable development in the European Union - 2013 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Eurostat Eurobase data table
Eurostat Eurobase graph
Eurostat Eurobase map

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not available

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not available


11. Accessibility of documentation Top
11.1. Documentation on methodology

Not available

11.2. Quality management - documentation

Not available


12. Quality management Top
12.1. Quality assurance

The EEA performs several quality checks in order to evaluate the accuracy and the quality of the dataset. On the basis of the checks and the feedbacks from Member States the EEA finalises and publishes the preliminary database. At the same time, notification letters are sent to manufacturers informing them of their provisional CO2 performances.

Manufacturers can, within three months of being notified of the provisional calculation, notify the Commission of any errors in the data. The EEA and the European Commission assess the manufacturers’ corrections, and, where justified, take them into account for the calculation of the manufacturer final average CO2 emissions and specific emission targets.

12.2. Quality management - assessment

Not available


13. Relevance Top
13.1. Relevance - User Needs

Key policy question:
Is current progress in reducing CO2 emissions of new passenger cars sufficient to meet the 2015 target?

 

Key message:
For an assessment of the progress that has been achieved towards the related key policy question see:
Sustainable development in the European Union - 2013 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.

 

Rationale:
The EU Sustainable Development Strategy states that ´in line with the EU strategy on CO2 emissions from light duty vehicles, the average new car fleet should achieve CO2 emissions of 140 g/km (2008/09) and 120 g/km (2012)´. In 2007 the Commission concluded that the target was unlikely to be met and made a legislative proposal to ensure that, along with other technological improvements and an increased use of biofuels, the Community target of 120 g/km would be met by 2012. Legislation has recently been adopted on future targets for CO2 emissions from cars.
A target of 130 g/km is to be reached by improvements in vehicle motor technology by 2015, following a gradual phasing-in period from 2012. A further 10 g/km reduction should be obtained by using other technical improvements. Different phasing-in requirements have been defined for each car manufacturer. In addition a long-term target of 95 g CO2/km for 2020 was introduced.
The indicator is only for passenger cars and excludes other light-duty vehicles (commercial vehicles - vans) which are also the subject of the target.
The transport sector is the fastest growing consumer of energy and producer of greenhouse gases in the European Union (EU), despite advances in transport technology and fuel that have resulted in marked decreases in emissions of certain pollutants.
The European Commission has a comprehensive strategy to reduce CO2 emissions from new cars and vans sold in the European Union, to ensure that the EU meets its greenhouse gas emission targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond. This strategy, which was adopted in 2007, aims to tackle CO2 emissions from both the production and consumer sides and is designed to help the EU reach its long-established objective of limiting average CO2 emissions from new cars to 120 grams per km by 2012 - a reduction of around 25% from 2006 levels.
In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km was specified for 2020.
To improve planning certainty for the automotive sector while ensuring that CO2 reductions from light-duty vehicles continue to take place, the Commission considers, based on a thorough impact assessment, to propose a target for passenger car emissions to be reached by 2025. Among other options, the Commission will assess the feasibility of the target suggested by the European Parliament of reaching 70 gCO2/km by 2025.

13.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction
Not available
13.3. Completeness

See data availability for table tsdtr450.


14. Accuracy Top
14.1. Accuracy - overall

not available

(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)
14.2. Sampling error
Not available
14.3. Non-sampling error
Not available


15. Timeliness and punctuality Top
15.1. Timeliness

Member States shall record information for each new passenger car and van registered in its territory and transmit this information to the Commission by 28 February of each year.

Preliminary data available between April and June (t-1). Manufacturers have three months to notify mistakes, after this period, the Commission/EEA publish final data (t-1) around October.

15.2. Punctuality

Not available


16. Comparability Top
16.1. Comparability - geographical

High

(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)

16.2. Comparability - over time

High

The comparability overtime is high except for break in series between voluntary and compulsory reporting.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)


17. Coherence Top
17.1. Coherence - cross domain
Not available
17.2. Coherence - internal

Within the SDI/Europe 2020 set:
Eurostat: Greenhouse gas emissions per capita (t2020_rd300)
Eurostat: Greenhouse gas emissions (tsdcc100)
Eurostat: GHG emissions by sector (tsdcc210)
Eurostat: GHG intensity of energy consumption (tsdcc220)
Eurostat: Greenhouse gas emissions from transport (tsdtr410)

 

Outside the SDI/Europe 2020 set:
EEA: Total greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends and projections (CSI 010/CLIM 050)
EEA: Progress to greenhouse gas emission targets (CSI 011/CLIM 051)
EEA: Transport emissions of greenhouse gases (TERM 02)


18. Cost and Burden Top
Not available


19. Data revision Top
19.1. Data revision - policy

Not available

19.2. Data revision - practice

Not available


20. Statistical processing Top
20.1. Source data

EEA

Data set 1: Average specific emissions of CO2 for each new passenger car
Data set provider: European Commission, Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG-CLIMA) / Environmental European Agency (EEA)
Link to the data source: Monitoring of CO2 emissions from passenger cars - Regulation 443/2009 (European Environmental Agency)

20.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual

20.3. Data collection

The EEA supports the European Commission (CLIMA) in the monitoring of the CO2 performance of passenger cars, in accordance with Regulation (EC) 443/2009 which sets emission targets. The Commission (CLIMA) is the data owner and the EEA is the data processor.

1.      Member states collect data from car registration centres.

2.      Member states submit data to DG CLIMA/EEA through Eionet. Preliminary data available between April and June (t-1).

3.      Manufacturers have three months to notify mistakes, after this period, the Commission/EEA publish final data (t-1) around October.

 

The data are required for the calculation by the Commission of the average specific emissions of CO2 from new passenger cars and for setting the specific emissions targets that shall be met by car manufacturers. The database provides the detailed data without taking into account other factors required for the calculation of specific emissions targets, such as phase-in percentages, credits for low emitting vehicles and E85 fuelled vehicles, or eco-innovation credits. In order to calculate the average specific emissions and specific emission targets the Commission considers only those vehicles for which emission and mass are available.

20.4. Data validation

The final dataset is validated by the European Commission taking into account errors noted by car manufacturers during a three-month notification period.  

20.5. Data compilation

From 2002 to 2009 the European Commission compiled data under an EU monitoring scheme: Decision No1753/2000/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a scheme for monitoring the average specific CO2 emissions from new passenger cars.
From 2010, Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 requires Member States to record information for each new passenger car registered in its territory. This information shall be made available to the manufacturers and their designated importers or representatives in each Member State.
Every year, each Member State shall submit to the Commission all the information related to their new registrations. The final dataset is validated by the European Commission taking into account errors noted by car manufacturers during a three-month notification period.  

 Eurostat do not calculate the average CO2 emissions, it is take it from the EEA annual report “Monitoring CO2 emissions for new passenger cars in the EU" (for the 2013 report, p. 11 for the EU-27 aggregate and Annex 1, table A.3 for the member states).

There is no automatic transfer of data between the EEA and Eurostat.

20.6. Adjustment

Not available.


21. Comment Top

References:
The following sources have been used for developing this indicator profile:
Eurostat Eurobase data base SDI: Sustainable transport;
Eurostat Eurobase data base ´Average carbon dioxide emissions per km from new passenger cars - [tsdtr450]´: data table, graphs and maps;
Eurostat: Sustainable development in the European Union - 2013 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy;
European Commission, DG CLIMA, Transport Road transport.

EEA: Monitoring of CO2 emissions from passenger cars - Regulation 443/2009 - Metadata

 

The European Commission (DG CLIMA) is the data owner. For more details contact:

DG CLIMA - Dir C: Mainstreaming Adaptation and Low Carbon Technology - Transport and Ozone

RIMSANE, Ineta (Ineta.RIMSANE@ec.europa.eu; +32 229 95450)

 

Copyrights:
Eurostat Copyright/License Policy is applicable.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top