Area under organic farming (tsdpc440)

Indicator Profile (ESMS)

Data tables: tsdpc440

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4.Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Dissemination format
11. Accessibility of documentation
12. Quality management
13. Relevance
14. Accuracy
15. Timeliness and punctuality
16. Comparability
17. Coherence
18. Cost and Burden
19. Data revision
20. Statistical processing
21. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
14.1. Accuracy - overall High
16.1. Comparability - geographical Low
16.2. Comparability - over time High
20.1. Source data ESS

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union
1.2. Contact organisation unit F5: Education, health and social protection
1.5. Contact mail address 2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 28/08/2013
2.2. Metadata last posted 16/10/2014
2.3. Metadata last update 16/10/2014


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

The indicator is defined as the share of total utilised agricultural area (UAA) occupied by organic farming (existing organically-farmed areas and areas in process of conversion). Organic farming is a method of production, which puts the highest emphasis on environmental protection and, with regard to livestock production, animal welfare considerations. It avoids or largely reduces the use of synthetic chemical inputs such as fertilisers, pesticides, additives and medical products. Farming is only considered to be organic at the EU level if it complies with Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007, which has set up a comprehensive framework for the organic production of crops and livestock and for the labelling, processing and marketing of organic products, while also governing imports of organic products into the EU. The detailed rules for the implementation of this Regulation are laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008.

The indicator is a Sustainable Development Indicator (SDI). It has been chosen for the assessment of the progress towards the objectives and targets of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy.

The indicator is also a Resource Efficiency Indicator, as it has been chosen as a dashboard indicator presented in the Resource Efficiency Scoreboard for the assessment of progress towards the objectives and targets of the Europe 2020 flagship iniciative on Resoure Efficiency.

tsdpc440´s table: Eurobase > Tables by themes > Agriculture, forestry and fisheries > Food: From farm to fork statistics > Inputs to the food chain > Area under organic farming (tsdpc440)

tsdpc440´s table within the SDI set: Eurobase > Tables on EU policy > Sustainable Development indicators > Sustainable consumption and production > Production patterns > Area under organic farming (tsdpc440)

tsdpc440´s table within the Europe 2020 set: Eurobase > Tables on EU policy > Europe 2020 Indicators > Resource efficiency > Natural capital and ecosystem services > Biodiversity > Area under organic farming (tsdpc440)

3.2. Classification system
Classification in DPSIR (Driving forces, Pressures, State, Impacts, Responses): Response
The classification of organically grown products has been adapted to the conventional crop classification as described in the annex of Regulation (EC) 543/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3.3. Coverage - sector
All agricultural holdings
Agricultural holdings to be considered organic have to be certified by national Certification and Inspection bodies
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The indicator monitors progress in the extent of organic farming based on data provided within the framework of Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007(OJ NoL 189/2007) on organic production and labelling of organic products, which obliges Member States to submit yearly information on the area under organic farming.
The indicator is defined as the share of total Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA) occupied by organic farming.
Farming is only considered to be organic at EU-level if it complies with Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007. Organic farming involves holistic production management systems, for crops and livestock, emphasising the use of management practices in preference of the use of off-farm inputs. This is accomplished by using, where possible, cultural, biological and mechanical methods in preference to fertilisers and pesticides. In this framework, organic farming is differentiated from other approaches to agricultural production by the application of regulated standards (production rules), certification procedures (compulsory inspection schemes) and a specific labeling scheme, resulting in the existence of a specific market, partially isolated from non-organic foods.

The area defined comprises all crop area. It might include secondary and other crops.

The total organic area is the sum of the fully converted area and area in period of conversion

- Fully converted area (= organic area). It fulfils all the conditions of production established in the above-mentioned regulation. Only this area can be considered to be organic.

- Area in period of conversion. Area in process to be organic. It fulfils the conditions, but a period of time is required to eliminate prohibited products in the organic production methods (It varies for type crop).

For further information on the organic crop area, please see food_in_porg1_esms.

Utilised agricultural area is the total area taken up by arable land, permanent grassland, permanent crops and kitchen gardens used by the holding, regardless of the type of tenure or if it is used as a part of common land. Unutilised agricultural land, wooded area and other land (occupied by buildings, farmyards, tracks, ponds, etc.) are excluded.

For further information on the total Utilised Agricultural Area, please see apro_cpp.

3.5. Statistical unit
The statistical unit observed is the agricultural holding. In the framework of ´Organic farming´ the agricultural holding has to be certified organic. For further information on the organic agricultural holding, please see food_act2_esms.
3.6. Statistical population
All agricultural holdings, including agricultural holdings certified organic (see food_act2_esms).
3.7. Reference area

EU27, Norway and Switzerland.

3.8. Coverage - Time

The indicator is available for years from 2000 to 2012.

3.9. Base period
Not available


4. Unit of measure Top
Data are expressed in ´Percentage´.


5. Reference Period Top
Organic data and crop production data are annual.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements
Organic data:
Up to reference year 2007 data were delivered to the Commission on the basis of "Gentlemen´s agreements".
From reference year 2008 onwards, data have to be delivered according to
Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007(OJ NoL 189/2007) on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91
and
Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008 of 5 September 2008 (OJ No L250/2008) laying down detailed rules for the implementation ofCouncil Regulation (EC) No 834/2007
Regulation concerning crop production statistics: Regulation No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and the Council. concerning crop statistics and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 837/90 and (EEC) No 959/93
Classification of holdings: Commission Decision (EEC) No 377/85 establishing a Community typology for agricultural holdings and subsequent amendments
Statistical Classifications (Nomenclatures): The classification of organically grown products has been adapted to the conventional crop classification as described in the annex of Regulation (EC) 543/2009
6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing
Not available


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy
Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment
Not available


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar
None; data are disseminated as soon as they are available and after validation.
8.2. Release calendar access
Not available
8.3. Release policy - user access
In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat´s website (see item 10 - ´Dissemination format´) respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top
Every two/three years.


10. Dissemination format Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release
Not available
10.2. Dissemination format - Publications
Eurostat Statistical Books: Sustainable development in the European Union - 2011 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.
Statistics in Focus:
Organic farming in Europe (2005)
Different organic farming patterns within EU-25 (2007)
Area under organic farming increased by 7.4% between 2007 and 2008 in the EU-27 (2010)
10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Eurostat Eurobase data table
Eurostat Eurobase graph
Eurostat Eurobase map

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access
Not available
10.5. Dissemination format - other
Not available


11. Accessibility of documentation Top
11.1. Documentation on methodology

Organic data: Manual under preparation including definitions and explanatory notes
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.

11.2. Quality management - documentation

Organic data: 
- Harmonised questionnaire on organic farming with explanatory notes
The questionnaire has been developed in cooperation with DG AGRI (mainly the Standing Committee on Organic Farming), the units E1 and E2 of Eurostat (responsible for statistics on agriculture) and the Member States (represented in the Working Group ´Food safety statistics´ and the Task Force on ´Organic farming statistics´).
- Systematic data validation, including comparisons with data from other sources
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.


12. Quality management Top
12.1. Quality assurance

Organic data: 
European Statistical Processes Assessment Checklist (2008) 
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.

12.2. Quality management - assessment

Quality grade: Medium
The indicator is calculated by combining data from two different sources: data on organic area obtained from administrative sources and data on UAA obtained from ´Crop production statistics´. Comparability over time is possible as both data collections are annual.

(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)


13. Relevance Top
13.1. Relevance - User Needs

The main users are DG Agriculture and Rural Development, DG Environment, European Environment Agency (EEA), Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FIBL), public.

Key policy question:
Is the adoption of organic farming practices increasing in Europe?

Key message:
For an assessment of the progress that has been achieved towards the related key policy question see: Sustainable development in the European Union - 2011 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy.

Rationale:
Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that combines best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, the preservation of natural resources, the application of high animal welfare standards and a production method in line with the preference of certain consumers for products produced using natural substances and processes.
Organic farming differs from other agricultural production methods in the application of regulated standards (production rules), compulsory control schemes and a specific labelling scheme.
The indicator shows the extent of adoption of organic farming practices by European farmers, in terms of utilized agricultural land. Organic farming practices have lower environmental impacts. They avoid or largely reduce the use of synthetic chemical inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, additives and medicinal products thus reducing environmental loading on soil and water resources and pressure on biodiversity. Organic farming improves the health of ecosystems, animals and people and increases income generation and communities´ selfreliance as well.
At the EU level, farming is only considered to be organic if it complies with Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007.
Within the framework of sustainable production, the main aim of the Sustainable Development Strategy is to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation and to address social and economic development within the carrying capacity of ecosystems. The Strategy encourages Member States to support information campaigns with retailers and other organisations in order to promote products stemmed from organic farming.
The EU is actively promoting organic farming practices through the instrument of agri-environmental commitments. Although there is no specific target at EU-level, several Member States, have adopted targets for area under organic farming, ranging mainly from 10 to 20 % by 2010. The indicator is also related with the objective of conservation and management of natural resources, under which the Strategy is caling for new legislative framework for organic farming.

13.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction
No official user satisfaction has been carried out, but nevertheless, positive reactions on the data disseminated have been transmitted by single users.
13.3. Completeness

See data availability for table tsdpc 440.


14. Accuracy Top
14.1. Accuracy - overall

High

Organic area: Annual data on organic area are obtained from national Inspection and Control bodies, on the basis of a common and harmonized ad-hoc questionnaire. Data include fully converted areas as well as areas under conversion from all organic agricultural holdings. EU aggregates are formed by the summation of data from individual countries. Corrections of data take place when errors are detected.
Utilised Agricultural Area: Data on the UAA come from ´Crop production statistics´, an annual data collection.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)
14.2. Sampling error

Organic data: Not applicable
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.

14.3. Non-sampling error

Organic data: Not applicable
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.


15. Timeliness and punctuality Top
15.1. Timeliness

Organic data: The transmission deadline is laid down in the Implementing Regulation No 889/2008.
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.

15.2. Punctuality

Organic data:
Countries are required to provide data 6 months after the end of the reference year
(data of year n to be delivered the 1st July n+1)
The time lag between the requested and the real delivery date differs between the different countries.
For most of the countries it has been improved during the last 3 years.
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.


16. Comparability Top
16.1. Comparability - geographical

Low

Crop production statistics´ are based on Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 of the European Parliament and the Council. The harmonized questionnaire, to be used for the data collection on organic farming, has been defined in accordance with the data collection on crop products.
Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 and the implementing Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008 set out in detail the requirements for agricultural products or foodstuffs bearing a reference to organic production methods.
However, because of missing national methodologies, the reliability of comparisons between countries might be limited.
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.
See also 14.1. Overall accuracy.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)

16.2. Comparability - over time

High

The comparability over time within single countries is possible. There are data available at least for the past eight years.
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.
See also 14.1. Overall accuracy.
(See the description of Eurostat quality grades)


17. Coherence Top
17.1. Coherence - cross domain
Not available
17.2. Coherence - internal

Within the SDI set: None

Outside the SDI set: EEA: Area under organic farming (CSI 026)

The indicator - along with those of ´area under agri-environmental commitment´ and ´livestock density index´ - can be used for monitoring the integration of environmental concerns into agriculture policy.
Finally, in the context of public health, the indicator is related with the operational objective to further improve food and feed legislation.


18. Cost and Burden Top
Not available


19. Data revision Top
19.1. Data revision - policy

Organic data: There is no systematic revision of the data. Data are revised whenever better and more accurate figures are provided.
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.

19.2. Data revision - practice
Organic data: 
- After data validation, countries are asked to check apparent wrong figures and to send corrected data.
- Countries are asked to send corrected data in case of national data revisions.
- Data are immediately revised on receipt of data corrections.
The indicator is revised as soon as revisions, either in the organic data or in the Crop production data, occur.


20. Statistical processing Top
20.1. Source data

ESS

Data set 1: Utilised Agricultural Area
Data set provider: Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), based on data from covered countries
Link to the data source: Key variables by size of farm (UAA), economic size of farm (ESU) and LFA status [ef_ov_kvaaesu]

Data set 2: Organic crop area
Data set provider: Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), based on data from covered countries
Link to the data source: Certified organic crop area [food_in_porg1]

20.2. Frequency of data collection
Organic data: 
Annual data collection
20.3. Data collection
Organic data: 
Data are collected by national Certification and Inspection bodies on the basis of the harmonised questionnaire.
20.4. Data validation

Organic data: 
Data are checked manually before being entered into the database, including comparisons with previous data and data from other sources.
Additionally, data are checked automatically within the database to detect discrepancies and anormal data, such as e.g. a too high annual growth rate.
If necessary, additional information are asked to the data providers.
Crop production data: please see apro_cpp.

20.5. Data compilation
EU-aggregates are caculated as far as national data are available, as well as organic data as crop production data.
20.6. Adjustment
Not available


21. Comment Top

References:
Eurostat (2009): Sustainable development in the European Union. 2009 monitoring report of the EU sustainable development strategy. Eurostat statistical books.

Copyrights:
Eurostat Copyright/License Policy is applicable.


Related metadata Top
apro_cpp_esms - Crops products: areas and productions


Annexes Top