Employment rate of older workers (tsdde100)

Indicator Profile (ESMS)

Data tables: tsdde100

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
13.1. Accuracy - overall High
15.1. Comparability - geographical High
15.2. Comparability - over time High
18.1. Source data ESS

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

F3: Labour market

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 17/03/2014
2.2. Metadata last posted 17/03/2014
2.3. Metadata last update 17/03/2014

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

The employment rate of older workers is calculated by dividing the number of persons in employment and aged 55 to 64 by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey. The survey covers the entire population living in private households and excludes those in collective households such as boarding houses, halls of residence and hospitals. Employed population consists of those persons who during the reference week did any work for pay or profit for at least one hour, or were not working but had jobs from which they were temporarily absent.

3.2. Classification system

See lfsa_esms

3.3. Coverage - sector

See lfsa_esms

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

See lfsa_esms

3.5. Statistical unit

See lfsa_esms

3.6. Statistical population

See lfsa_esms

3.7. Reference area

EU, EFTA, Candidate countries

3.8. Coverage - Time

See data availability for table(s) tsdde100

3.9. Base period

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure Top


5. Reference Period Top

Calendar year

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

General regulations

Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 of 9 March 1998 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community(OJ No L 77/3).

Regulation (EC) No 1991/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 October 2002 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community (OJ No L 308/1).

Regulation (EC) No 2257/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2003 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community to adapt the list of survey characteristics (OJ No L 336/6).

Regulation (EC) No 1372/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community (OJ No L 315/42)


Implementation regulations

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1022/2009 of 29 October 2009 amending Regulations (EC) No 1738/2005, (EC) No 698/2006 and (EC) No 377/2008 as regards the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 377/2008 of 25 April 2008 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community as regards the codification to be used for data transmission from 2009 onwards, the use of a sub-sample for the collection of data on structural variables and the definition of the reference quarters (OJ No L 114/57)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 973/2007 of 20 August 2007 amending certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains implementing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 (OJ No L 216/10)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 430/2005 of 15 March 2005 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community concerning the codification to be used for data transmission from 2006 onwards and the use of a sub-sample for the collection of data on structural variables

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1575/2000 of 19 July 2000 implementing Council Regulation (EC) N° 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community concerning the codification to be used for data transmission from 2001 onwards (OJ No L 181/16).

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1897/2000 of 7 September 2000 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community concerning the operational definition of unemployment (OJ No L 228/18).

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

DG Employment, social affairs and equal opportunities

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Not applicable

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Dissemination format') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not applicable

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications


10.3. Dissemination format - online database

See data availability for table(s) tsdde100

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable

10.5. Dissemination format - other

not applicable

10.6. Documentation on methodology

See lfsa_esms

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Eurostat's mission is to provide the European Union with a high-quality statistical information service (see Eurostat quality framework)

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

See lfsa_esms

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Data is collected from reliable sources applying high standards with regard to the methodology and ensuring high comparability.

For a detailed description of the methods and concepts used in the EU-LFS, as well as for other documents related to the EU-LFS, please consult the EU-LFS (Statistics Explained) webpage.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Objective and relevance of the indicator:

An overall objective of the 2006 renewed sustainable development strategy is to create a socially inclusive society by taking into account solidarity between and within generations and to secure and increase the quality of life of citizens as a precondition for lasting individual well-being. In particular, the strategy calls for ‘significantly increasing the labour market participation of women and older workers according to set targets, as well as increasing employment of migrants by 2010”.


The communication from the Commission of 3 June 2009 - A Shared Commitment for Employment set as one of its objectives "facilitating access to employment" and calls upon the Member States to adopt activation measures aimed in particular at helping older workers.


The Europe 2020 strategy has no specific target for older people but one of its key objectives is that 75 % of the population aged 20-64 should be employed by 2020. In addition to the national targets and in order to make real progress towards this common goal it is necessary to focus on the most vulnerable labour

market groups such as women, older workers, non-EU citizens, young people and persons who are not in employment, education or training (see SiF).

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

See lfsa_esms

12.3. Completeness

See data availability for table(s) tsdde100

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall


The indicator stems from the European Union Labour Force Survey (LFS), a households survey based on European legislation. The overall accuracy is considered as high.

The LFS covers persons aged 15 years and over, living in private households to ensure a comparable coverage for all countries. The sampling designs in the LFS are chosen on a country by country basis (sampling rates vary between 0.3% and 3.3%). Most of the National Statistical Institutes employ multi-staged stratified random sample design, especially those that do not have central population registers available.

Regardless of the sampling method or which age groups are interviewed, the data records at Eurostat are representative for the population aged 15-64 (16-64 in Iceland and Norway).

  • Employed persons are all persons who worked at least one hour for pay or profit during the reference week or were temporarily absent from such work.
  • Unemployed persons are all persons who were not employed during the reference week and had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks.
  • The active population (labour force) is defined as the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
  • The   inactive population consists of all persons who are classified neither as employed nor as unemployed.

As the results are based on a sample of population they are subject to the usual types of errors associated with sampling techniques and interviews. Sampling errors, non-sampling errors, measurement errors, processing errors and non-response are calculated for each country and documented in the Quality Report of the European Union Labour Force Survey. Subject to Eurostat's quality screening, figures on employment fulfill the Eurostat requirements concerning reliability.

13.2. Sampling error

See lfsa_esms

13.3. Non-sampling error

See lfsa_esms

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Not applicable

14.2. Punctuality

Not applicable

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical


Comparability across countries is achieved in the EU-LFS through various regulations ensuring harmonisation of concepts, definitions and methodologies for all EU Member States, EFTA and candidate countries. The data for US and Japan are produced by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Government of Japan, respectively. Eurostat obtains those data via OECD and disseminates them without any processing. Data for Turkey is obtained from the National Labour Survey.

Comparability of the statistics between the Participating Countries is ensured for the main characteristics, employment and unemployment where particular definitions and sequence of questions are part of the EU legislation. The degree of comparability of the EU Labour Force Survey results is ensured by:

(a) the recording of the same set of characteristics in each country;

(b) a close correspondence between the EU list of questions and the national questionnaires;

(c) the use of the same definitions for all countries;

(d) the use of common classifications (e.g. NACE for economic activity);

(e) the data being centrally processed by Eurostat.

15.2. Comparability - over time


Although improvements in time have brought some time series break the comparability of the main indicators is high.

The indicator is based on annual averages of comparable quarterly data.

Since 1983, improved comparability between results of successive surveys has been achieved, mainly due to increased harmonisation, greater stability of content and higher frequency of surveys. However, the following factors may somewhat detract from perfect comparability:

  • population figures used for population adjustment are revised at certain intervals on the basis of new population censuses;
  • reference periods may not remain the same for a given country due to the transition to a quarterly continuous survey;
  • countries may modify their sample designs;
  • in order to improve the quality of results, countries may change the content or order of their questionnaire.

For information on EU-LFS comparability of the data, please consult EU-LFS (Statistics Explained) - Data and publication.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

The indicator is extracted from the same survey as the main EU unemployment and education indicators which guarantees a high degree of coherence

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not applicable

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not applicable

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

See lfsa_esms

17.2. Data revision - practice

See lfsa_esms

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data


18.2. Frequency of data collection

See lfsa_esms

18.3. Data collection

See lfsa_esms

18.4. Data validation

See lfsa_esms

18.5. Data compilation

See lfsa_esms

18.6. Adjustment

See lfsa_esms

19. Comment Top

From 2005 onwards with all countries conducting the continuous quarterly survey the indicator can be considered fully developed. No estimates are necessary.

Related metadata Top
lfsa_esms - LFS series - detailed annual survey results

Annexes Top