Further information

    Shedding light on energy in the EU - A guided tour of energy statistics is a digital publication released by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

    For further information

    The dedicated section on energy on the Eurostat website.

    Articles on energy in Statistics Explained.

    Information on data

    Date of data extraction: April 2017 for text and all infographics, maps and animations. The Sankey diagram is continuously updated.

    Contact

    If you have questions on the data, please contact the Eurostat User Support.


    Identifiers of the digital publication:

    Catalogue number: KS-02-17-394-EN-Q
    ISBN 978-92-79-67982-7
    Doi: 10.2785/208379

    © European Union, 2017
    Cover photo: © Shutterstock - copyright Capitanoseye - Image number: 315873152
    Menu icons: © Flaticon

1. what is the energy union about?

The European Commission launched in February 2015 a new strategy for a resilient Energy Union with a forward-looking climate change policy.

The goal of the Energy Union is to give EU consumers - households and businesses - secure, sustainable, competitive and affordable energy. Achieving this goal will require a fundamental transformation of Europe's energy system.

The Energy Union Strategy is made up of five closely interrelated and mutually reinforcing dimensions, designed to bring greater energy security, sustainability and competitiveness:

Energy security, solidarity and trust: Diversifying Europe's sources of energy and making better, more efficient use of energy produced within the EU.

A fully-integrated internal energy market: Using interconnectors which enable energy to flow freely across the EU - without any technical or regulatory barriers. Only then can energy providers freely compete and provide the best energy prices.

Energy efficiency contributing to moderation of demand: Consuming less energy in order to reduce pollution and preserve domestic energy sources. This will reduce the EU's need for energy imports.

Decarbonising the economy: Pushing for a global deal for climate change and encouraging private investment in new infrastructure and technologies.

Research, innovation and competitiveness: Supporting breakthroughs in low-carbon technologies by coordinating research and helping to finance projects in partnership with the private sector.

The State of the Energy Union monitors each year the progress made and highlights the issues where further attention is needed. It shows progress made since the Energy Union Framework Strategy was adopted to bring about the transition to a low-carbon, secure and competitive economy.