Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Development is one of the issues on which the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) stimulates more coordination. Most of the EU Member States are also OECD member.
Hence, the EU can play an important role.
A good example is the Paris Declaration, an agreement at the Paris High Level Forum in 2005 between aid recipients (partner countries) and donors, which aimed to improve the way aid is provided so as to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGSs) by 2015.
The EU is committed to increasing external assistance by 50% over the next five years and to implementing the Paris Declaration. Partners will be measured against agreed targets for a set of 12 indicators covering ownership, alignment, harmonisation, managing for results and mutual accountability.
In addition, the EU has demonstrated its commitment to the process by declaring that it will go beyond the Paris Declaration commitments in a number of areas, agreeing on four additional indicators to follow it up.
Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid follows discussions on aid effectiveness at the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the OECD, with Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid represented in the meetings of the following groups:
- Working Party on Aid Effectiveness (WPEFF)
- Joint Venture on Public Financial Management
- Joint Venture on Procurement
- Joint Venture on Monitoring the Paris Declaration
EuropeAid-OECD statistics for 2011 [141 KB]
EuropeAid-OECD statistics for 2012 [143 KB]
The EU is the single largest financial contributor to the UN system. The EU funds 38% of the UN's regular budget, more than two-fifths of UN peacekeeping operations and about one-half of all UN Member States' contributions to UN funds and programmes.
For its part, the European Commission is also a significant UN partner, contributing over €1 billion in support of external assistance programmes and projects. The financial and contractual aspects of programmes funded by the Commission have been streamlined through the use of the Financial and Administrative Framework Agreement (FAFA). This agreement simplifies all practical aspects of programme implementation. The operation of the FAFA is reviewed annually and, in 2006, this resulted in the addition of an agreement on how to improve visibility, in both beneficiary and donor countries.
Commission support to the UN is grounded in a clear policy towards international organisations. For the UN system, this was first expressed in the Commission’s Communication of 2001 on ‘Building an effective partnership with the UN’, reinforced in 2003 by a further Communication entitled ‘EU-UN relations: the choice of multilateralism’. The intensive European participation in the UN Summit of September 2005 underlined the importance of this relationship.
This cooperation has also resulted in the conclusion of strategic partnerships with several of our UN partners. Seven have been signed to date: with the UNDP [2 MB] (June 2004), WHO [350 KB] and ILO [321 KB] (July 2004),FAO [243 KB] (September 2004), UNHCR [619 KB] (February 2005),WFP [2 MB] (September 2005), UN Women [389 KB] (April 2012) and UNESCO [2 MB] (October 2012). An EU convention existed with UNRWA even before the strategic partnerships were introduced. The Commission has also taken other initiatives that have positively contributed to shaping the evolving relationship with the UN, such as regular high-level meetings with UN principals and action to gain status and role in UN decision-making.
The partnership between the Commission and the UN has many facets, and, in turn, many reasons to engage in common initiatives and programmes. Often the UN is mandated with an international mission in specific crisis situations or is simply best placed to deliver aid on account of its political neutrality, global reach, or specific expertise and capacity. The Commission and the UN have built up a history of successful cooperation in specific thematic sectors, such as election assistance. Cooperation also takes place in areas where both organisations have common policy interests.
Financial contributions to the United Nations 1999-2012:
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2002 [108 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2003 [252 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2004 [162 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2005 [224 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2006 [313 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2007 [439 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2008 [507 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2009 [442 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2010 [533 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2011 [855 KB]
EuropeAid-UN statistics for 2012 [975 KB]
The Commission was the second largest contributor to the World Bank’s trust fund programmes for the period of 2001-05 and it is the largest donor to the ASEM Asian Financial Crisis Trust Fund, Multi-Donor Trust Fund for the post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh and Nias; to the World Bank Iraq Trust Fund; and to Highly Indebted Poor Countries (debt relief). The Commission is also a major donor to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund, and to the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
Consultations about the Trust Funds and Co-Financing Framework Agreement between the Commission and the World Bank are held annually, to review administrative and operational issues, discuss new mechanisms for joint financing (e.g., grant co-financing, blending), and assess the pipeline of proposals for the following year.
The financial contributions to the WB 2004-2010:
The WB-EC statistics for 2004 [86 KB]
EuropeAid-WB statistics for 2005 [122 KB]
EuropeAid-WB statistics for 2006 [162 KB]
EuropeAid-WB statistics for 2008 [57 KB]
EuropeAid-WB statistics for 2009 [47 KB]
EuropeAid-WB statistics for 2010 [40 KB]
EuropeAid-WBG statistics for 2011 [208 KB]
EuropeAid-WBG statistics for 2012 [279 KB]
International Organization for Migration
Financial contributions in 2006 [53 KB]
Financial contributions in 2007 [46 KB]
Financial contributions in 2008 [48 KB]
Financial contributions in 2009 [33 KB]
Financial contribution in 2010 [35 KB]
Financial contribution in 2011 [147 KB]
Financial contribution in 2012 [164 KB]
Other information on International Organisations
In August 2006, Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid completed a review of cooperation with International Organisations [780 KB] . The review highlighted the importance of international organisations as a channel of EC assistance and provided information on the way in which the Commission cooperates with these organisations.
In January 2009, Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid produced an Information Note on Multi-Donor Trust Funds (MDTFs) supported by the Budget. This note was updated at the end of 2009 and again as of June 2010 and transmitted to the European Parliament. The note Note on Multi-Donor Trust Funds (MDTFs) [766 KB] gives information on the volume of funds involved, why the Commission works through MDTFs and the checks and balances in place. For major trust funds, (those where the Commission contributes at least € 20 million) information is provided on the governance structures, achievements and implementation of the MDTFs.
Assessment of UN organisations in selected countries
By way of follow-up to the evaluation of the Commission's external cooperation with partner countries through the organisations of the UN family, the Commission was encouraged to improve its knowledge of the UN in order to better capitalise on the partnership. This was also the view of the Commission's Internal Audit Service, which asked Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid to periodically perform overall evaluations of UN partners.
Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid decided therefore to assess the performance of key UN partners in countries where the Commission channels a significant volume of funds through the UN by examining a selection of ongoing or recently completed programmes. The countries selected were Bangladesh [598 KB] and Nigeria [558 KB] . The assessments looked at the degree of co-ordination and cooperation with UN in terms of policy dialogue and programme design, whether the UN is providing value for money, added value, results, performance and impact, major difficulties experienced with the implementation of programmes and whether there were alternatives to working with the UN.
The reports were completed in November 2009 and provide a useful appreciation of the partnership between the Commission and the UN in these two countries.
Statistics on cooperation with International Organisations
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
No data for 2009, 2010 and 2011
EuropeAid-OSCE statistics for 2012 [123 KB]
Council of Europe
EuropeAid-CoE statistics for 2011 [126 KB]
EuropeAid-CoE statistics for 2012 [130 KB]
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
The EC-EBRD statistics for 2010 [34 KB]
EuropeAid-EBRD statistics for 2011 [135 KB]
EuropeAid-EBRD statistics for 2012 [128 KB]
Inter-American Development Bank
No data for 2010 and 2011
European Investment Bank
EuropeAid-EIB statistics for 2011 [128 KB]
EuropeAid-EIB statistics for 2012 [131 KB]
International Monetary Fund
EuropeAid-IMF statistics for 2011 [118 KB]
EuropeAid-IMF statistics for 2012 [123 KB]
The African Development Bank
No data for 2010
EuropeAid-AfDB statistics for 2011 [101 KB]
No data for 2012
The Asian Development Bank
No data for 2008 and 2009
No data for 2011
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2005 [25 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2006 [29 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2007 [32 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2008 [31 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2009 [29 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2010 [28 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2011 [132 KB]
EuropeAid-AU statistics for 2012 [129 KB]
International Committee of the Red Cross
No data from 2008 to 2012
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
No data for 2009 and 2010
EuropeAid-IFRC statistics for 2011 [118 KB]
EuropeAid-IFRC statistics for 2012 [123 KB]
Organization of American States