Plotting regional approaches to border and migration issues
Large parts of the region that lies to the east of the European Union’s borders constitute key smuggling routes for illicit small arms, light weapons and drugs. Trafficking in human beings is also a major challenge for most of the EU’s eastern neighbours.
Many borders in this region are badly regulated and poorly controlled – some are not even legally established. What is more, border guards are under-resourced as countries make the transition to the market economy and democracy.
In response, the European Commission is working hard to address issues related to both legal and illegal migration. EUBAM, the EU Border Assistance Mission to Ukraine and Moldova, has contributed to a significant decrease in the illegal movement of goods.
European support is also helping to reform customs at regional level through the provision of training and the sharing of best practice.
Another important action in this area is SCAD, the Southern Caucasus Anti-Drug Programme. Co-funded by TACIS and the United Nations Development Programme, SCAD has been helping Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in their fight against rising drug-use and trafficking.