Cross-Border Cooperation within the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)
Cross Border Cooperation (CBC) is a key priority of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) ENPI. It aims at reinforcing cooperation between member states and partner countries along the external border of the European Union.
In the perspective of reinforcing cooperation with countries bordering the European Union, the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) includes a component specifically targeted at cross-border cooperation (CBC). These web pages present the main elements of this CBC component.
The CBC strategy has four key objectives:
- Promote economic and social development in border areas
- Address common challenges
- Ensure efficient and secure borders
- Promote people-to-people cooperation
Two types of programmes have been established:
- Land border programmes between two or more countries sharing a common border (or short sea crossing).
- Multilateral programmes covering a sea basin.
13 CBC programmes (9 land borders, 1 sea crossing and 3 sea basin programmes) have been established along the Eastern and Southern external borders of the European Union with a total funding of 950,516 million EUR for the 7-year period 2007-2013. The cross border cooperation will be also financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
It is the task of the regional and local partners on both sides of the border to analyze their common needs and to identify priorities and actions that are most relevant to their local situation. The management of the programmes is entrusted to a local or national authority jointly selected by all participating countries in a programme.
CBC uses an approach largely modelled on 'Structural Funds' principles such as multiannual programming, partnership and co-financing, adapted to take into account the specificities of the EC's external relations rules and regulation. One major innovation of the ENPI CBC can be seen in the fact that the programmes involving regions on both sides of the EU's border share one single budget, common management structures, a common legal framework and implementation rules giving the programmes a fully balanced partnership between the participating countries.
The following documents present the eligible areas as well as the key concepts, the strategic approach and any element related to the definition of the programme.