The principal objective of EU-Ukraine cooperation is to bring Ukraine closer to the EU and foster political relations as well as economic integration through the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership.
EU assistance to Ukraine is delivered through bilateral and regional Annual Action Programmes (AAPs). Until 2013, the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) was a key financial and cooperation instrument. The new European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) will be the main EU instrument in the next financial period, 2014-2020.
In response to recent developments in Ukraine, the European Commission has announced a large support package for the next seven years to help stabilise the country.
Bilateral cooperation with Ukraine:
The strategic framework for the EU’s cooperation with Ukraine was set out in the Country Strategy Paper 2007-13. The priorities and level of funding were defined in the respective National Indicative Programmes (NIPs) for 2007-10 and 2011-13.
There are three focal sectors for 2007-2013:
- good governance and the rule of law
- closer political association and economic integration
- sustainable development (including energy, environment, nuclear safety, transport, regional and rural development)
Reinforcing the capacities of national institutions is a priority across all focal sectors. For example, twinning projects are used for cooperation between public institutions of EU Member States and their 'twin institutions' in Neighbour partner countries. The Comprehensive Institution Building programme is specifically dedicated to institutions linked to the negotiation and implementation of agreements with the EU.
Ukraine benefits from cross border cooperation, various regional cooperation programmes (mainly in education, transport or border assistance), and inter-regional programmes on education (Tempus, Erasmus Mundus), institution building (TAIEX, SIGMA) and investments (Neighbourhood Investment Facility, NIF). The ongoing NIF projects focus on water supply and sanitation, energy security and inter-connections.
In addition to the ENPI instrument, Ukraine is also eligible for funding under the thematic programmes, notably the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), Instrument for Stability, Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation as well as the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).
Thematic Instruments provide financial support to civil society and a broader set of non-state actors and local authorities in Ukraine. Since 2011, the civil society organisations also benefit from the Neighbourhood Civil Society Facility (CSF).
- Total indicative budget programmed under the NIP 2007-10: €523 million
- Total indicative budget programmed under the NIP 2011-13: €470 million
On 5 March 2014, the European Commission announced a support package for Ukraine with short and medium term measures to help stabilise the economic and financial situation inof the country. All the measures combined could bring overall support of EUR 11 billion over the next seven years from the EU budget and the international financial institutions, including EUR 1.4 billion of an assistance package under the European Neighbourhood Instrument.
To find out more, see the support package for Ukraine .
For more about EU-Ukraine relations and cooperation programmes: http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/ukraine/index_en.htm
For more information about the Eastern Partnership: www.ec.europa.eu/europeaid/easternpartnership.