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European Union assistance to Moldova mainly takes the form of Annual Action Programmes under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). Other funding sources are the thematic assistance programmes, focused for example on human rights or civil society. The Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) provides additional funding for investment.
The principal objective of EU assistance to Moldova is to support the development of an increasingly close relationship between the EU and Moldova, in the context of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the Eastern Partnership.
Moldova has been an active member of the Eastern Partnership since its launch in 2009. This initiative promotes closer political association and economic integration with the EU by encouraging governments to reform and strengthening civil society's role in the development process.
In 2012, Moldova benefited from increased financial assistance in line with the principle of "more for more": more support for more progress in reforms for deep democracy and respect of human rights.
Cooperation programmes 2007-2013
EU assistance to Moldova in 2007-2013 focuses on political and socio-economic reforms in a number of areas in three focal sectors:
- Good governance, rule of law and fundamental rights (including public administration reforms and facilitation of new EU-Moldova agreements);
- Social and human development (with social protection, health and education);
- Trade and sustainable development (including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), regional and local development, environment and energy efficiency).
Bilateral cooperation – ongoing programmes in priority areas include:
- Justice: the EU is helping to build an independent, transparent and professional justice system able to contribute efficiently to the rule of law and the protection of human rights.
- Capacity building: several programmes support the negotiations and implementation of the new contractual relations with the EU (Association Agreement, DCFTA, Visa Liberalisation Dialogue), using the Comprehensive Institution Building (CIB). To find out more, go to the CIB page.
- Health: by supporting the implementation of the Moldovan health strategy, the EU aims to improve access and quality of public medical services for the Moldovan population.
- Energy: the EU contributes to the implementation of the national strategy in the energy sector. EU-funded projects like 'Energy and biomass' support safer and more sustainable energy production, by promoting the use of local sources of renewable energy, i.e. biomass from agricultural waste.
- Rural Areas: the EU promotes sustainable economic development of rural areas through support to SME sectors and to regional development.
- Confidence Building Measures: the EU supports and facilitates the peaceful settlement of the Transnistria issue, by ensuring economic and social development of local communities, involving local authorities, civil society organisations and other stakeholders and increasing confidence on both sides of the river.
Other ENPI programmes:
Moldova also benefits from a Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) programme, regional programmes (mainly in transport, energy and environment) and interregional programmes (Tempus, Erasmus, TAIEX and SIGMA).
Neighbourhood Investment Facility:
In 2008, the EU launched the Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) to promote investment in Neighbourhood countries. The instrument finances – through a mix of grants and loans – key infrastructure projects in various sectors. In Moldova, the NIF is currently funding 11 projects focusing primarily on transport, water and energy.
To find out more, please consult the NIF page.
Civil society initiatives are supported through thematic instruments, such as the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), Non-State Actors, Local Authorities and Investing in People – financed from the Development Co-operation Instrument (DCI).
Since 2011, civil society organisations in the region have also been benefiting from the Neighbourhood Civil Society Facility (CSF). The CSF promotes the role of civil society in reforms and democratic changes. It also supports civil society organisations in building their capacities in advocacy, monitoring of reforms, and in implementing and evaluating EU programmes. To find out more about CSF, please consult the CSF page.
- Allocation for 2007-2010: € 209.7 million
- Allocation for 2011-2013: € 273.14 million
In addition, extra funding of EUR 28 million was made available for Moldova in 2012 via the Eastern Partnership Integration and Cooperation (EaPIC) programme.
For more details about the EU’s relations with Moldova and EU cooperation programmes, visit the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Moldova.
More information about the Eastern Partnership is available here.