EU assistance to Armenia mainly takes the form of Annual Action Programmes under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). The Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) and the thematic assistance programmes – for example, on human rights or civil society – are other funding sources.
In 2012 and 2013, Armenia benefited from increased financial assistance in line with the ’more for more’ principle: more support for more progress in reforms furthering deep democracy and respect of human rights.
Cooperation programmes 2007-13
The strategic framework for European Union's cooperation with Armenia is established in the Country Strategy Paper 2007-13.
The level of funding for Armenia, and cooperation priorities, are set out in the National Indicative Programmes (NIPs) for 2007-10 and 2011-13.
Assistance under the NIPs focuses on political and socio-economic reforms in three sectors:
- Democratic transition and good governance (including reforms of public administration, public finance, justice)
- Trade, investment and regulatory reforms
- Socio-economic reform, poverty reduction and sustainable development (including regional development, agriculture, education)
EU bilateral programmes for Armenia target poverty reduction through reforms in education (vocational education and training system) and in the justice sector.
Support to administrative capacity buildingis also a priority. Twinning and Comprehensive Institution Building programmes accelerate administrative reforms.
Bilateral cooperation with Armenia contributes to the objectives of the Eastern Partnership.
Armenia also benefits from various regional programmes (mainly in environment, energy, transport, culture and youth) as well as interregional programmes focused on education (Tempus, Erasmus Mundus) and investment (Neighbourhood Investment Facility, NIF). NIF projects include: rehabilitation of the Yerevan metro, solid waste management, improving water supply and building infrastructure in small municipalities. Armenia also benefits from regional NIF programmes, such as the SME finance facility, small business growth fund, and energy efficiency for the corporate sector.
In addition to the ENPI instrument, Armenia is eligible for funding under thematic programmes, notably the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), Instrument for Stability, Non-State Actors and Local Authorities in Development, Investing in People and Migration & Asylum.
The EU supports involvement of civil society in policy dialogue and project implementation. Assistance to civil society is channelled through EU thematic programmes, and also, since 2011, via the Neighbourhood Civil Society Facility (CSF).
- Total budget allocated under NIP 2007-10: €97 million
- Total budget allocated under NIP 2011-13: €157 million
An additional €15 million was made available in 2012 and €25 million in 2013 via the Eastern Partnership Integration and Cooperation (EaPIC) programme.
For more see the website of the EU Delegation to Armenia: http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/armenia/index_en.htm
More information on the Eastern Partnership: www.ec.europa.eu/europeaid/easternpartnership