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The Association Agreement between the European Union and Algeria came into force in September 2005 and forms the legal basis for the EU-Algeria relationship. The agreement defines specific areas in which the objectives of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and the Union for the Mediterranean may be pursued on a bilateral basis. In 2012 Algeria and the EU launched consultations on a European Neighbourhood Policy Action Plan in order to enhance co-operation and to further exploit the potential of the Association Agreement. EU support is identified among the priorities defined by Algeria’s own reform programme.
Co-operation Programmes 2007-2013
European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
Since 2007, the European Union's priorities in terms of financial co-operation with Algeria have fallen under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument. The strategic framework for European Union's co-operation with Algeria is established in the Country Strategy Paper , which currently covers the period 2007-2013.
In this context, two National Indicative Programmes (NIP) define the priorities of financial co-operation for the periods 2007-2010 and 2011-2013.
For the 2011-2013 NIP (document available only in French), the volume of the European Union financial co-operation is of €172 million. The 2011-2013 NIP focusses in particular on economic growth and employment, on sustainable development and culture. The EU approach is to accompany the government in developing and implementation of its policies in specific sectors. In 2011 the EU supported youth policies that focus on employment and involve the civil society. The European Union plans to launch its first support programme to Algeria in the field of environment and climate change.
For the 2007-2010 NIP , priorities were the reform of the justice sector, economic growth and employment and the strengthening of basic public services. For this period, the European Union committed a financial envelope of €184.1 million.
Since 2009, Algeria has also benefited from twinning projects with the administrations of Member States of the European Union. The first projects were identified in areas such as taxation, assessment of compliance, water quality and craftsmanship.
Other budget lines
In addition to bilateral projects supported under the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, many projects are funded through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights targeting civil society, health, equality between men and women, youth and migration and asylum.
Co-operation until 2006
Co-operation between the European Union and Algeria has continuously increased since the beginning of the first experiences in the framework of the MEDA programme, the principal operational and financial instrument of the Barcelona Process. From 1995 to 2006, the European Union supported technical assistance projects in the areas of private sector and economic development, education and training, local development, institutional support and infrastructure and good governance.
In the framework of the MEDA I programme (1995-1999), the European Union committed a total of €164 million, focussing on private sector development and the stimulation of socio-economic development.
Under the MEDA II programme (2000-2006), the European Union committed an overall €338 million to programmes in the field of economic transition, administrative reforms, modernisation of infrastructure, social development, rural poverty, good governance, the rule of law and the development of civil society.
For European Neighbourhood Policy and EU policy towards Algeria see the European External Action Service website.
More information on European Union's relations with Algeria is available on the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Algeria (available only in French). For trade relations see the Trade Directorate-General website.