Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA)
The overall objective of BOMCA is to secure the gradual adoption of modern border management methods in Central Asia with the purpose of enhancing border security and facilitating legal trade and transit.
Initiated in 2002 following the suggestion of the Central Asia Border Security Initiative (CABSI), the Border Management Program in Central Asia (BOMCA) is one of the largest EC assistance programmes in Central Asia. Implemented for the EU by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) as an implementing partner, the programme is under the direct leadership of the UNDP Country Office in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. BOMCA has had €36.5 million allocated to it for the 2003-2014 period, out of which € 33.655 million are provided by the European Commission.
What are the objectives of BOMCA?
In the late 1990s, the EC decided to become more active in the area of border management in Central Asia. After several assessment missions and small scale interventions in 2002-2003 (EU BOMFER, EU BOMCA 1, 2 and 3), the first major multi-annual EU BOMCA phase (EU BOMCA 4) was launched in early 2004.
BOMCA aims at introducing European best practices in Integrated Border Management (IBM) in Central Asia. The Programme comprises of three components:
- Policy Advice, Legal & Institutional Reform: BOMCA has established inter-Ministerial Commissions and Inter-Agency Working Groups in each country to familiarise decision-makers with options for IBM implementation and to initiate the legislative and regulatory reforms necessary to institutionalise the IBM framework;
- Strengthening National Training Capacities: BOMCA is renovating and equipping Training Centres for Border Agencies in all countries, introducing IBM components to national training curricula, and establishing national training capacities through a “training-of-trainers” approach that utilises the best of European expertise;
- Pilot Site Trials in Integrated Border Management: BOMCA is providing infrastructure, equipment and “on-the-job” training in key skills to Border Agency staff at selected airports, seaports and stretches of green border in Central Asia, with a view to national governments running trials of IBM in these pilot sites under future phases of the Programme.
What is BOMCA 8?
The eighth phase of BOMCA was launched in July 2011 to cover the years 2011- 2014. BOMCA 8 continues to promote the concept of IBM, encompassing five areas of intervention:
Institutional Reform in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
The objective of this project is to support the Central Asian Governments in planning, implementing and institutionalising the principles, methodologies and practices of the European Integrated Border Management (IBM) approach in their border management, including the newly adopted border strategies and implementation action plans in Tajikistan (2010) and Kyrgyzstan (2012).
Strengthening Training Capacities in Central Asia
Current training systems in all States are based on knowledge transfer by experienced operational staff who have largely been unaware of modern training tools and methods, and have usually received little pedagogical training before being appointed as instructors. The objective of this project is to enhance professional skills of border control and inspection officers in Central Asia.
Strengthening Counter-Drug Capacities in Central Asian Agencies Working at Borders
The objective of this project is to enhance capacities for law enforcement officers in charge of fighting trafficking of illicit drugs across borders with the aim to support the interception of drugs and precursor chemicals, notably at airports and railway stations.
Border Crossing Points and Border Outposts
The objective of this project is to improve working conditions and motivation of staff deployed at Border Crossing Points and Border Outputs which were built under previous BOMCA phases.
Horizontal tasks are aimed at facilitation of stronger connections between the national, regional and international stakeholders, through the development of a Cooperation & Coordination Platform at national and regional level. BOMCA beneficiaries include the principal agencies in border management: Border Guards, Customs administration, Ministry of Interior, Ministries of Health and Agriculture and the attached phyto-sanitary, veterinary and quarantine services. Final beneficiaries of the action are not only border agencies and their staff but also border communities and the population at large affected by positive and negative aspects of border management.
Where can I find more information? For more information please visit the programme website: www.bomca.eu