First Water Facility - 9th EDF
The ACP-EU Water Facility was set up in 2004 to co-finance water and sanitation infrastructure and to improve water management and governance in the African Caribbean and Pacific countries . The biggest part of the First Water Facility's budget, worth € 497 million, was channelled to 175 projects selected through two calls for proposals, launched in 2004 and 2006.
One of the principal purposes was to help achieve the water and sanitation Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) :to halve by 2015, the proportion of poor people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The water and sanitation MDGs 2015 targets are vital in themselves but are also key prerequisites for two other targets: reducing child and maternal mortality and combating diseases.
Following a first allocation of € 247 million, a call for proposals for € 180 million was launched in November 2004. The Joint ACP-EU Council decided in June 2005 to give a second allocation of €250 million for the ACP-EU Water Facility. A second call for proposals was then launched in March 2006.
The two calls for proposals covered three areas:
(A) Improving the water management and governance;
(B) Water and Sanitation Infrastructure
(C) Civil Society initiatives.
The two calls for proposals resulted in some 1.300 requests for funding of which about 70% or 900 proposals were eligible. Of the 900 eligible proposals, 275 were selected for possible funding. In the event, available funds meant that only 175 proposals could be financed [59 KB] . The 175 proposals were financed with an EC contribution of €414,5 million, the total project(s) cost being €788 million.
The grant beneficiaries for the 175 projects selected include NGOs, national organisations, local authorities, regional organisations and EU and ACP Member States ( Funding allocated per type of contract beneficiary [9 KB] ) and cover many ACP countries [24 KB] .
In terms of end-beneficiaries, about 14,5 million people are estimated to benefit from access to safe water. Of these, some 3,5 million also benefit from access to improved sanitation and 10,5 million from hygiene education programmes. Most of the end-beneficiaries are in sub-Saharan Africa.
In many projects, simple and low maintenance technologies are being used like, for example, boreholes or hand-dug wells fitted with hand pumps. Regarding the component "Improving water management and governance" for which €64,5 million were contracted, it is quite difficult to directly quantify the end beneficiaries, but many projects could have important impacts in terms of local governance improvements.
Three project synopses [7 MB] show examples of projects being implemented in the field:
• Access to safe drinking water, improved sanitation and hygiene in the rural community of Coubalan, Senegal.
• Support Civil Society Initiatives to Strengthen Water and Sanitation Sector in Cap-Haitian, North of Haiti.
• EU ACP Water Facility, Integrated Rural Community Water and Sanitation Development Project in the districts Ermera, Liquicá and Bobonaro; Timor-Leste
Some funds were allocated directly without going via a call for proposals. These include €25 million to the African Water Facility [20 KB] , €18 million to the Nile Basin Initiative [11 KB] and €8 million to UNICEF for Improvement of Health & Livelihoods of Rural Communities in South Sudan [49 KB] .