The African Union in Sudan (AMIS) was launched in April 2004 in the context of the civil war between the Sudanese government and the opposing rebels. With a contribution of over 305 million euros, this mission was the biggest African-led peace support operation financed by the Peace Facility Programme. The mandate of AMIS officially ended on 31 December 2007.
Main goals of the operation were to:
- Contribute to the improvement of the general security situation in Sudan.
- Provide a secure environment for the delivery of humanitarian relief and the return of refugees.
- Help to protect the civilian population in Dafur.
- Monitor the compliance of the parties with the Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement in 2004 and with the Dafur Peace Agreement in 2006.
- Assist the process of confidence building in order to enhance the process of political settlement necessary for peace in Dafur.
AMIS was staffed with 7500 peacekeepers from South Africa, Ghana, Rwanda, Zambia, Senegal, Gambia and Nigeria.
The mandate of the AMIS peace support operation ended on 31 December 2007 with the transfer of command to UNAMID, the African Union-United Nations hybrid operation in Dafur.