The nexus between development and migration has multiple dimensions requiring close collaboration between the EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries.
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Key issues in this field include:
- Improved migration management
- brain drain and diaspora
- human rights and integration
- facilitating legal migration
- addressing illegal migration
- fighting smuggling and trafficking of human beings
- protecting refugees.
The EU aims to facilitate mobility and free movement of people within the geographical zones of the ACP Group, and to better manage legal migration amongst ACP countries and between them and the EU.
Illegal migratory flows and the smuggling and trafficking in human beings require practical solutions ensuring effective protection of migrants' rights, in particular of women and children.
To achieve this, the EU seeks political dialogue and close practical cooperation with ACP countries based on shared responsibility of countries of origin, transit and destination. The aim of these dialogues is to address issues of mutual concern and interest to the participating regions with a focus on implementing Article 13 of the Cotonou Cooperation Agreement which governs cooperation on migration, in particular to prevent and combat illegal immigration.
The EU seeks to improve the migration management capacity of ACP governments and supports regional schemes enhancing cooperation between countries along migratory routes. It works to ensure that formal remittances become better aligned with national development strategies.
Focus on Africa
The EU-Africa Partnership on Migration, Mobility and Employment was established to improve migration management at the service of development and to ensure that migration contributes to Africa’s efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It also aims at creating more and better jobs in Africa and promoting labour mobility and legal employment within Africa and between Africa and the EU.
The EU also supports initiatives stimulating the establishment of a pan-African network of migration observatories.
Programmes and projects
- Intra-ACP Migration Facility
The facility aims at using migration as an element of development with a South-South perspective. It encourages the inclusion of migration into development strategies, which are then translated into concrete measures and policies. To that end reliable and compatible data on inter and intra-regional migration are produced by the ACP Observatory on Migration.