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ACP-EU Energy Facility

The Energy Facility is a co-financing instrument which was established in 2005 in order to support projects on increasing access to sustainable and affordable energy services for the poor living in rural and peri-urban areas in African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries.

Sector Context

More than 1.6 billion people in the world mainly concentrated in rural and peri-urban areas of developing countries do not have access to electricity. The situation is particularly severe in African, Caribbean and Pacifique (ACP) countries, where the rate of access to electricity can be as low as 10% in rural areas. Access to energy is nonetheless a fundamental prerequisite for economic growth and social well-being.

History of the ACP-EU Energy Facility

Réseau N'Djamena - Projet CEMACAt the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, the EU's energy development policy took a major step forward with the launch of the EU Energy Initiative for Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Development (EUEI). The EUEI, a joint commitment by the Commission and the Member States, has as its main goal to contribute to providing the access to energy necessary for the achievement of the MDGs, particularly, but not exclusively, that of halving the number of people in extreme poverty by the year 2015.

In order to respond to this objective in the specific case of the ACP region, in June 2005, the ACP-EU Council formally approved the creation of the ACP-EU Energy Facility (EF) as a development of the EUEI.

The EF supports projects aimed at improving and increasing access to modern, affordable and sustainable energy services for the poor living in rural and peri-urban areas in ACP countries. A general presentation of the facility is available there: presentation ppt12 - 2 MB [2 MB]


The total Energy Facility commitment of EUR 420 million for the period 2006-2013 has already been partially deployed through four different implementation modalities and breaks down as follows:

  • EUR 298 million for two Calls for Proposals (one in 2006, and another in 2009);
  • EUR 40 million for the Pooling Mechanism pdf - 94 KB [94 KB] , which finances mature, medium-sized projects outside the scope of the Call for Proposals. It  blends grants from the 10th EDF Energy Facility with loans from the EU multilateral and bilateral finance institutions. Its guidelines pdf - 82 KB [82 KB] français (fr)  were approved in October 2010.
  • EUR 10 million for activities in preparation of the Africa – EU Infrastructure Partnership; 
  • EUR 3.5 million for the Partnership Dialogue Facility, which supports energy governance in ACP countries.
  • An additional EUR 18.5 million has been allocated for contingencies and needed technical assistance to run the EF, monitor and evaluate the projects.

More than 15 million people are expected to benefit from the more than 150 projects financed under the Energy Facility. A detailed overview of the activities is presented in the Energy Facility Brochure pdf - 11 MB [11 MB] français (fr) .

The first ACP-EU Energy Facility was financed within the 9th European Development Fund (EDF) with EUR 220 million for the period 2006 – 2009. Almost seven million people should benefit from the 74 projects co-financed by the first Energy Facility.

Following the successful implementation of these funds, it was decided to re-finance the Energy Facility under the 10th EDF with EUR 200 million for the period 2009 – 2013. The second ACP-EU Energy Facility is one of the instruments implementing the Africa-EU Energy Partnership, which is part of the 2011 – 2013 Joint Africa-EU Strategy.

To be kept informed on the activities of Energy facility, please subscribe to our newsletter and visit the Energy facility Monitoring website which will allow you to learn more about the projects, their achivements and lessons lerned from their implementation.

Evaluation of EC funded Biofuel projects in ACP Countries

The main objective of the study was to evaluate the impacts of the Energy Facility and other EC-funded projects related to biofuel production in ACP Countries, from 2007 to present. The study assessed the impacts on development (agriculture, economic and social development, etc.), including aspects such as food security, biodiversity, land tenure, land use change and soil-water management. It also focused on the respect of the "local production for local use" principle.Its contents are the sole responsibility of Contractor and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

The summary of the report is available here Summary Evaluation of EC funded biofuel projects in ACP countries pdf - 134 KB [134 KB] .

The full study is available by contacting DEVCO/Unit C5 – Energy

The Mid Term Evaluation of the first call for proposal of the Energy Facility

In February 2012, the Mid-Term Evaluation pdf - 54 KB [54 KB]  of the 1st call of proposal of the 1st Energy Facility was finalised. The Mid-Term Evaluation was very positive and underlined the unique features of this instrument within the general Euopean Development Fund landscape. "Overall, the evaluation findings show a number of very promising project results". Out of 27 projects the evaluation estimated that, "more than 2.1 million beneficiaries have been provided with access to modern energy services, against a target of 2.8 million" event though many projects are still continuing. "Through increasing energy access in poor rural areas, the living conditions of beneficiary populations have seen real and immediate improvements. The implemented projects have impacted directly in improving beneficiaries’ socio-economic conditions". It also underlines that "the EF is acting as a catalyst in initiating projects".

For further information on the Energy Facility programme contact us.

Last update: 07/06/2013 | Top