African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries are among those most heavily affected by climate change. This global challenge has become a major threat to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As its consequences are not confined to national or regional borders, the EU has taken measures to address the issue efficiently throughout the ACP countries.
Climate change leads to an increased incidence of droughts, desertification, floods, heat stress and water management problems in ACP countries; in turn affecting agriculture and livestock, as well as health and migration.
The vulnerability of these countries is due to both geographic factors and to a lack of adaptation capacities. This is where the EU can provide targeted support.
Activities aim specifically at helping the ACP States to protect themselves against exogenous shocks in the area of climate change.
Climate change adaptation and mitigation is a priority within the EU’s strategy for the Caribbean and the Pacific. The Africa-EU Climate Change Partnership provides an integrated framework for cooperation and dialogue in this field.
Programmes and projects
Support to the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA)
The GCCA is a platform for dialogue between the EU and developing countries supporting adaptation strategies, capacity-building and participation in the global carbon market with a view to poverty reduction. It provides financial support for climate change mitigation and adaptation to its negative effects.
Mainstreaming the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Africa
The UNCCD was put in place to fight desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought or desertification, particularly in Africa. The Commission supports the initiative and works to mainstream its principles into various geographical and thematic instruments.
This platform, funded by the EU, Norway and the Netherlands, aims to foster climate-smart land and water management practices, to prevent land degradation and help bridge Africa’s climate adaptation deficit.
The overall objective of the TerrAfrica Leveraging Fund, funded by the EU, Norway and The Netherlands, is to provide strategically targeted and ﬂexible ﬁnancial support to:
- strengthen awareness, harmonisation, strategic directions on opportunities and modalities for improved sustainable land management scale-up and effectiveness;
- improve and share analytical underpinnings to support policy dialogue and decision making; and
- catalyse funding at country level.
Capacity-building for Multilateral Environmental Agreements
The UNEP Risø Centre (URC) is committed to the principles of mitigation and adaptation to climate change, efficient use of cleaner energy, etc. As part of the European Commission program for Capacity Building related to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in ACP Countries, the ACP-CD4CDM project implemented by URC enables the targeted ACP countries to fully participate in the carbon market via the Clean Development Mechanism.