European Commission - The Cotonou Agreement
An Extended Scope for Open Political Dialogue
The second revision of the Cotonou Agreement provides an opportunity to significantly strengthen the political dialogue between the ACP States and the EU. Our dialogue will encompass essential issues such as non-discrimination, aid effectiveness, regional and continental integration. Migration will also be a matter of an intensive dialogue based on Art.13 and a Joint Declaration. To support this dialogue, the Joint Institutions are reinforced through high level consultations, more interaction with the Joint Parliamentary Assembly and coordination with the EPA institutions (see fiche on Reinforced Joint Institutions). In addition:
- In light of the essential and growing role of regional integration, the ACP-EU political dialogue will cover issues related to Regional and Continental Integration, contributing to peace, security and stability and promoting a stable and democratic political environment. ACP regional organisations and the African Union will be fully involved in this dialogue, including to promote peace and to prevent, manage and resolve violent conflicts;
- Political dialogue has been strengthened regarding non-discrimination through the introduction of the following clause in 8(4): "The dialogue shall focus, inter alia, on [?]discrimination based on any kind of ground, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or others status." This Non-Discrimination clause based on the Universal Declaration on Human Rights will allow raising any ground of non-discrimination in our political dialogue, including discrimination on the grounds of sex and sexual orientation;
- As regards migration, both parties agreed to a Joint Declaration on Migration, thereby committing to deepen their dialogue on migration and work out the details of their enhanced cooperation building on the three pillars of a comprehensive approach: migration and development; legal migration and illegal migration. The Parties will report to the next Joint Council, after the ACP-EU Council held on 21-22 June 2010 in Ouagadougou.
- Political dialogue is also extended to the Aid effectiveness Agenda which have been introduced as fundamental principle, guiding the cooperation. In line with the Accra Agenda for Action, these include ownership of development strategies by the partner country, alignment of donor support on these strategies and partner country systems, donor coordination and harmonisation, result oriented management and mutual accountability.