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African peace facility evaluation
Review of the overall implementation as an instrument for African efforts to manage conflicts

An independent assessment of the implementation and results of the African Peace Facility (APF) conducted by an external consortium of peace and security experts concludes that the European support provided through the APF has been a game changer and has enabled a growing number of credible African responses to political crises and threats to Peace and Security on the African continent.

An independent assessment of the implementation and results of the African Peace Facility (APF) conducted by an external consortium of peace and security experts concludes that the European support provided through the APF has been a game changer and has enabled a growing number of credible African responses to political crises and threats to Peace and Security on the African continent.

Through its substantive support of more than 1,1 billion Euros since 2005, the APF has enabled collective African security actions anchored in the AU Peace and Security Council’s political role to be tested and put into action. For both the EU and Africa, the APF has been a highly innovative instrument, not only because it enabled the use of EU development cooperation funds to address threats to peace and security through the support of military peace support operations, but also because it has demonstrated the flexibility to evolve in the face of changing circumstances and needs. The APF-supported actions have had a direct and positive impact on the lives of millions of Africans affected by wars, violence and political crisis and confirm the continuing need for and relevance of this instrument.

Meanwhile there is still room for improvement and the evaluation recommends in particular that the APF should enhance the capacity of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) and focus on ensuring that this broader APF strategic orientation is adequately reflected in a clear and long-term African agenda for capacity building. Besides, the implementing environment needs to be made more conducive to solid, long-term capacity building using APF resources, which requires strengthened institutional capacities from the African Union (AU) and African Regional Economic Communities/ Regional Mechanisms for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (RECs/RMs). All parties concerned should work towards greater complementarity between EU and non-EU funding sources, and tackle the constraints of human resources. Furthermore, the experience so far demonstrates a need for increased programme-level monitoring of and technical support for APF activities. A degree of devolution could in certain contexts increase APF responsiveness to local needs by enhancing communication on APF matters both between Brussels and EU Delegations, but also between the EU and the AU as well as the RECs/RMs and African countries concerned.

Despite these technical challenges, the evaluation considers that the APF has been a political success, and will remain for the foreseeable future the most important EU instrument to shape and support effective African responses to violent conflict.

The evaluation was commissioned by the European Commission and conducted between October 2012 and September 2013. The objectives of the evaluation were to provide an overall independent assessment of APF implementation and its results, and to make recommendations for the next phase of the APF currently being developed under the 11th EDF (2014-20). The evaluation covers the period 2004-2013.

Read the final evaluation report here:

 

For more information, please contact Unit DEVCO D.4 Africa, EU Partnership, Peace Facility:

Francoise MOREAU, Head of DEVCO D.4: Francoise.Moreau@ec.europa.eu
Jens MOLLER Head of the African Peace Facility section: Jens.Moeller@ec.europa.eu

Last update: 12/12/2013 | Top