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Tanzania is one of the few countries in Africa, which has enjoyed peaceful political development. Stable political leadership has kept the country out of numerous conflicts, which have been afflicting a number of neighbouring countries. Since 1995, Tanzania has benefited from high annual GDP growth, averaging almost 6 percent since 2000. However, despite the government's efforts to address poverty, Tanzania's income levels continue to be amongst the lowest in Africa. Today, half of all Tanzanians live below the poverty line and approximately one-third live in abject poverty. Infant and maternal mortality rates remain amongst the highest in the world, literacy rates are low and more than one third of all children under five are malnourished. Nonetheless, the country has made progress towards achieving some of the Millennium Development Goal targets, in particular primary education, water and infant health. However, much more needs to be done if all targets are to be met.
Two main thematic areas of assistance are infrastructure, communications and transport as well as trade and regional integration. Additional EC interventions in Tanzania provide support to non-state actors (NSA) to improve democratic governance and growth (€23 million); measures to support energy and climate research (€8 million); and support to governance reform programmes, including Zanzibar (€11 million).
The EC is committed to continue the use of macro-economic support in Tanzania and has earmarked €305 million (55%) for general budget support and €139 million (25%) for sector budget support. In total, this constitutes up to 80% of the total allocation of €565.1 million under 10th EDF funding.
The main thrust of the Country Strategy Paper for Tanzania (2001-2007) under the 9th EDF was to support the government’s first poverty reduction strategy, which sought to achieve equitable growth through interventions in six priority sectors – primary education, roads, water, legal and judicial reform, health and agriculture.
For the past years, the EC has been Tanzania's main development partner in the transport sector. Tanzania’s transport infrastructure is not sufficiently developed to support a balanced growth of the economy and to achieve a reduction of poverty, notably in the less populated areas of the country. EC support has actively contributed to improving the country's road network through the financing of a large number of road rehabilitation and upgrading projects on the one hand and through institutional and policy reforms on the other.
Current project interventions concern the improvement of the urban and peripheral road network of Mwanza, the country’s second largest town. These projects support the development of the corridor, linking the North-Western and Central regions of the country with Dar es Salaam and its Indian Ocean harbour. The total volume of these project interventions amounts to approximately €185 million.
For further details on projects and programmes in Tanzania funded from the European Development Fund and the general budget of the EU, please visit the project's section of the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Tanzania.
Other sources of information
More information on EU relations with Tanzania is available on the pages of the Delegation of the European Union to Tanzania, which is also responsible for co-operation activities in the country.