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Following a referendum in January 2011, The Republic of South Sudan became an independent nation-state on 9 July 2011. The European Union (EU) seeks to establish a regular and comprehensive political dialogue with the Government of South Sudan and proposes to open an EU Delegation in Juba as soon as the necessary conditions are fulfilled.
The EU substantially increased its development assistance to meet South Sudan's needs. In consultation with the government of South Sudan and in coordination with international partners including the UN, the EU is taking forward the joint programming of development assistance in several areas: justice/rule of law, education, health, water management, urban development and the rural economy. The EU also commits to continued cooperation with South Sudan on trade matters, ensuring duty-free and quota-free access to EU markets under 'Everything But Arms', as soon as conditions are met.
In parallel, the EU contributes to effective co-ordination of international support, including through a state building strategy for South Sudan, at the strategic and operational level under the overall leadership of the United Nations
The EU is a strong supporter of South Sudan in its nation building efforts, committed to a long term partnership focused on achieving a stable, viable and prosperous State. To this aim, since 2010, the EU has stepped up development cooperation in South Sudan. On 12 July 2010, the Council by Decision N° 2010/406/EU approved a financial package of EUR 150 million for the purpose of addressing the needs of the most vulnerable population in Sudan. Of that amount, EUR 85 million were earmarked for Southern Sudan, targeting pro-poor actions in the agriculture, education, health and rule of law sectors. This amount is currently under implementation following the adoption of an Annual Action Programme on 15 December 2011.
On 23 May 2011, the Council by Decision No. 2011/315/EU approved an additional financial package of EUR 200 million for South Sudan for the benefit of the population and public institutions. The programming of this EU allocation has been done jointly with allocations from EU Member States under a so-called joint programming exercise, which resulted in a Joint Country Strategy Paper (Response Strategy) for South Sudan 2011-2013. The Joint Country Strategy Paper, and in particular the EU allocation of EUR 200 million aligns with and supports the South Sudan Development Plan for 2011-2013 in the sectors of natural resources-food security, health, education and rule of law.
This EU support will help South Sudan build strong institutions with check and balances against corruption and promote transparent and accountable governance. It will also help to diversify the South Sudanese economy away from oil towards agriculture, creating an economic environment that enables growth, attracts investment and empowers businesses and women.
In 2011, the Commission started implementation of the Council Decision No. 2010/406/EU, with the adoption in December of an Annual Action Programme on 15 December 2011 which included projects for South Sudan in the areas of agriculture/food security (€42 million), good governance (€20 million), education (€11.5 million) and health (€11.5 million). These projects focused on addressing the basic needs of the most vulnerable population.
In implementation of Council Decision No. 2011/315/EU, the Commission adopted on 25 June 2012 a multi-annual programming document (Special Support Programme) for the period 2011-2013 that allocates the financial package of EUR 200 million to the areas of food security/agriculture (€80 million), health (€50 million), education (€30 million) and rule of law (€25 million).
Other Sources of Information
More information on EU relations with South Sudan is available on the pages of the EU External Action Service.