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Niue is an isolated coral atoll located in the South Pacific, 2,400 kilometres northeast of New Zealand. With a population of only 1,800 people, Niue is the least populated of all ACP countries. The island faces considerable development constraints due to its isolation, limited natural resources, climate change, a shortage of skilled labour and migration. The islands pristine environment makes tourism, particularly eco-tourism one of the best prospects for long-term economic development. Due to the existence of a government welfare scheme, the population does not suffer from extreme poverty. Niue has a relatively high level of education as well as of sanitation and public health services and has already managed to achieve most of the Millennium Development Goals way before 2015. According to the Human Development Index the country is ranked third in the Pacific region, after Palau and the Cook Islands.
Environmental issues and the sustainable management of natural resources form an essential part of Niue's development priorities. The Country Strategy Paper for Niue (2008-2013) presents the strategic framework for EC co-operation with Niue under the 10th EDF. EC assistance will focus on renewable energy and energy efficiency. EC support will contribute to the building of operational assets capable of generating power from renewable resources and thus reducing the recurrent costs of diesel imports and improving energy efficiency. It is expected that as a result of the proposed actions, the usage of diesel for the purpose of power generation will be reduced by 20%. Non-state actors (NSAs) will be encouraged to participate in the implementation of the programme.
The multi-annual indicative programme for Niue under the 10th EDF allocates €3.3 million to address these priorities.
The Country Strategy Paper for Niue (2002-2007) under the 9th EDF also adopted renewable energy and energy efficiency as principal sector for co-operation activities. Implementation of a five-country Renewable Energy Programme (REP5), of which Niue is part, started in January 2006.
For further details on projects and programmes in Niue funded from the European Development Fund (EDF) and the general budget of the EU, please visit the project's section of the website of the Delegation of the European Union for the Pacific on Fiji Island, responsible for Niue.
Other sources of information
The Directorate-General for Development is responsible for drawing up the co-operation strategy with Niue.
More information on EU relations with Niue is available on the pages of the Delegation of the European Union for the Pacific on Fiji Island, which is also responsible for co-operation activities in Niue.
Information on trade relations in the ACP region can be found on the website of the Directorate-General for Trade.