The EU has always been one of the largest development partners of Mali. The total allocation for Mali under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) amounts to €727.8 million.
The three main sectors of cooperation are:
- Governance: support to public sector reforms, to the decentralisation process as well as to the migration policy;
- Support to the economic development to the North and Delta du Niger regions;
- General budget support for the implementation of the growth and poverty reduction strategy.
This is complemented by thematic instruments such as water and energy facilities, the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, the thematic program "Non-state actors and local authorities in development, and regional funds (EPA support).
Following the 2012 military coup in Mali, the European Commission adopted prudential measures by which development cooperation focused on actions with direct benefit for the population, support for democratic transition and humanitarian aid. These measures have been removed the 13 February 2013, after the adoption by the National Assembly of Mali of the Roadmap for transition.
Together for a new Mali
The Brussels Conference, ‘Together for a new Mali’, brought together 108 delegations and representatives of local authorities, civil society, the Malian diaspora, women and the private sector. €3.285 billion were pledged during the Conference to put Mali back on track, out of which €1.35 billion from the EU and its member states.
During the Brussels Conference the European Commission pledged €523.9 million. This amount aims to assist Mali’s Plan for Transition and Sustainable Recovery and support the country’s measures to reduce poverty, promote sustainable and inclusive growth and strengthen governance.
A first tranche of € 90 million (from a total amount of € 225 million) of the budget support program has been disbursed in June 2013. This program will enable the state to ensure basic service provision and restore the rule of law for the whole population. The sum will be disbursed in three instalments, 2013 14, provided Mali keeps its political stabilisation roadmap – presented at the May conference - on track. The funding will:
- increase the government’s financial capacity to strengthen macroeconomic stability and its capacity for development action;
- improve governance, in particular the management of public finance, including budget monitoring and transparency;
- support the Malian government through the process of transition and national reconciliation;
- support the government’s efforts to carry out its basic functions across the whole country, in particular to provide basic services (water and health) and re-launch the economy through job creation.
Moreover, other projects (Elections support (€15 million) – Water and sanitation (€30 million) – Irrigation (€27.7 million) – Drinking water supply for the city of Bamako (€18 million)) have been formally agreed at the May Conference and a second package of development actions (conflict resolution and peace promotion, culture heritage’s rehabilitation, justice, resumption of the works for the Timbuktu's road) is under preparation. A “Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development” project of €23 million in the areas of safety–nets, health, water and education has also been provided.
The European Commission will continue its support to Mali, beyond the date of the elections (28 July 2013), which is just the first step of a long reconstruction process.
For further details on projects and programmes in Mali funded from the European Development Fund and the general budget of the EU, please visit the project's section of the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Mali.
Other sources of information
More information on EU relations with Mali is available on the pages of the Delegation of the European Union to Mali, which is also responsible for co-operation activities in the country.