Chad is a landlocked country in the heard of Central Africa with a surface area of 1,284 million km² and an estimated population of 11,506,000 people. Chad is one of the world’s least developed countries (LDCs). Its economy is mainly dependent on the primary sector (57.2% of GDP), providing an income for almost 80% of the population. The service sector contributes to 33.9% of the GDP but employs less than a quarter of the workforce. In 2010, the annual growth rate in Chad was superior to 6%, and the population annual growth was of 2%.
The oil fields in Doba became operational at the end of 2003. However, the money generated through this new activity, is not invested in the poverty reduction strategies. Chad is last in the 2012 "Doing Business" ranking of IFC/World Bank, and is ranked 168 out of 182 in the 2011 Corruption Perception Index. The poor economic and social performance is largely due to fragile institutions and a major deficit in the rule of law, which both discourage private initiative.
The Country Strategy Paper for Chad (2008-2013) presents the strategic framework for cooperation between the European Commission and Chad under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF). EU assistance concentrates on good local and central governance as well as sustainable development, infrastructure and the rural sector. EU support contributes to making justice and domestic security more efficient and transparent, improving the management of public finances and bolstering democratic institutions and mechanisms, both centrally and locally. In addition it strengths the productive sector, improving the living conditions of vulnerable groups and making food supplies more secure.
Additional aid is dedicated for projects to improve healthcare and build administrative capacity.
The multi-annual indicative programme for Chad under the 10th EDF amounts to €328 million to address these priorities (including the Millennium Development Goals Initiative).
All EC projects in Chad also addresses cross-cutting issues, in particular gender, environment and capacity building.
The development cooperation between the EC and Chad started in 1963. Since then, more than €1bn of aid has been supplied, mainly for rural development, infrastructure and macroeconomic support.
The Country Strategy Paper for Chad (2001-2007) gave priority to water, transport and macroeconomic support under 9th EDF funding. A budget of almost €229 million was allocated to these priorities.
In western Chad, EU funds financed the drilling of 1650 village wells providing clean drinking water for 700 000 people (nearly a tenth of the total population).
And they helped finance the Kelo-Moundou road (110 km), the first paved link between Chad’s two largest cities (Moundou and N'Djaména).
For further details on projects and programmes in Chad financed by the European Development Fund and the general budget of the EU, please visit the project's section of the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Chad.
Other sources of information
More information on EU relations with Chad is available on the pages of the Delegation of the European Union to Chad, which is also responsible for co-operation activities in the country.