Central African Republic
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The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country in the heart of Central Africa, rich of natural resources (timber, gold, diamonds, uranium etc.). Nonetheless, the country ranks only 179 out of 187 on the Human Development Index. With about 70% of the population living below the poverty line the CAR belongs to the poorest countries in the world. Amongst the poor more than three out of four live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their survival.
The Country Strategy Paper for the Central African Republic (2008-2013) presents the strategic framework for the co-operation between the European Commission (EC) and the CAR under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF).
The overall aim of the European Commission’s cooperation with the CAR is to reduce poverty, in line with the country’s development strategy and the Millennium Development Goals. EC assistance under the 10th EDF will concentrate on governance/social and economic rehabilitation and infrastructure as well as improved accessibility.
The EC's total allocation (2008-2013) foreseen for the CAR to address these priorities amounts to €156.8 million.
€34 million is earmarked under budgetary support to assist the government in its efforts to maintain macro-economic and social stability and reform public finance management.
EC interventions in the Central African Republic also take account of cross-cutting issues, in particular democracy, good governance, human rights, the rights of children and indigenous people, gender equality, environmental sustainability as well as the fight against HIV/AIDS.
The Country Strategy Paper for the Central African Republic (2002-2007) under 9th EDF funding gave priority to one single sector of cooperation: transport and infrastructure.
After the partial suspension of EC-CAR cooperation activities between 2003 and 2005, a €55 million commitment was made to the global road sector support programme, which envisages the establishment a functioning road maintenance system. Within this framework a new institutional support project for road maintenance was set up which foresees a specific component for the partial construction of the road between Bouar and Garoua Boulaï, connecting CAR and Cameroon.
For further details on this and other projects and programmes in the CAR funded from the European Development Fund and the general budget of the EU, please visit the section of the website of the EU External Action Service on CAR.
Other sources of information
More information on EU relations with the CAR are available on the website of the Delegation of the European Union to the CAR.