Cameroon is a country in Central Africa with a surface of 475,400 km² and approximately 16 million inhabitants. Cameroon has numerous resources: agriculture (bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton) and forestry, oil as well as tourism. Agriculture remains the driving force behind the national economy and employs 80% of the working population. Following major structural reforms, Cameroon now enjoys growth. The country's GDP accounts for half that of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), giving it an important place in the regional economy. The current president has been in power since 1982 and was reelected in the 2011 elections.
Two main thematic areas of assistance are governance as well as trade and regional integration. In the governance sector, the support of the EC will contribute to consolidating the rule of law and management of public finances. In addition it will serve to improve forestry governance and the sustainable management of natural resources as well as to improve the reliability and transparency of elections. With regard to trade and regional integration, assistance will contribute to boosting growth by improving competitiveness and facilitating trade, strengthening production and exports as well as improving the road network.
Additional aid will be granted for rural development, decentralisation and non-state actors (NSAs).
The EC's total allocation foreseen for Cameroon under 10th EDF funding (2008-2013) amounts to €250 million to address these priorities.
All EU projects in Cameroon will also address cross-cutting issues like gender, the environment, human rights (in particular the pygmy people) and the prevention of AIDS and malaria.
The Country Strategy Paper for Cameroon (2001-2007) focussed on transport and institutional support as priorities under 9th EDF funding. In the transport sector actions contributed to the reinforcement and to the rehabilitation of the national road network and institutional support to the Ministry of Public Works for sustainable road maintenance. As regards institutional support, actions aimed at improving public finance management (programming of public expenditure), structuring civil society, improving prison conditions and fighting corruption.
For further details on projects and programmes in Cameroon funded from the European Development Fund and the general budget of the EU, please visit the project's section of the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Cameroon.
Other sources of information
More information on EU relations with Cameroon is available on the pages of the Delegation of the European Union to Cameroon, which is also responsible for co-operation activities in the country.