Since the end of Angola's 27-year civil war in 2002, the political and economic situation of the country has improved considerably. In 2006, Angola had the highest rate of GDP growth in Africa (around 20%). Oil revenues are a driving force of the economy and make it possible to increase public spending. However, social indicators continue to be weak. This is partly attributable to inadequate social infrastructure and the lack of sufficiently qualified staff. Even though the situation is improving slowly, the Government identified the reconstruction and rehabilitation of social infrastructure, the improvement of the social situation, health and education as well as capacity building for improved public-service delivery as priority sectors for the development of the country.
The Country Strategy Paper for Angola (2008-2013) , signed in November 2008, presents the strategic framework for cooperation between the European Commission (EC) and Angola under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF). EC assistance will concentrate on governance and support to economic and institutional reform, human and social development as well as rural development, agriculture and food security and demining. EC support will contribute to the sustainable development of the country, through institutional support and capacity building, supporting the government’s strategy to combat poverty and to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
Furthermore, aid will be granted for projects to support regional integration, biodiversity, the private sector and non-state actors.
The multi-annual indicative programme for Angola under the 10th EDF amounts to €227.9 million to address these priorities.
All EC projects in Angola will also address cross-cutting issues, in particular gender, environment and capacity building.
The link between emergency relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) was the main strategy underlying EC cooperation with Angola under the 9th EDF. The Country Strategy Paper for Angola (2002-2007) gave priority to humanitarian and construction needs, in particular food security and social sectors, i.e. health and education. A budget of almost €146 million was allocated to these priorities.
The EC is the main donor for food security and rural development interventions and demining in Angola. For example, the EC financed two trust funds in the rural sector: €45 million for a project rehabilitating basic infrastructure in rural areas and €16.4 million to support the reintegration of ex-combatants in rural areas, mainly through agricultural activities. As the country became increasingly stable, EC programmes shifted from emergency issues to development
Major achievements of EC aid to the education sector are the academic accreditation of over 10,000 primary school teachers, better access to primary education thanks to the building of over 100 schools (to date), and support for the setting up and equipping of 18 provincial centres for in-service training.
For further details on projects and programmes in Angola financed by the European Development Fund and the general budget of the EU, please visit the project's section of the website of the Delegation of the European Union to Angola.
The "EU-Angola Joint Way Forward" was signed in July 2012 which aims to raise to a new level the relationship between both parties, through the deepening of the political dialogue and the cooperation in areas of common interest, recognising the increasing role of Angola in the regional and international levels as well as the potential for development of the bilateral relationship between Angola and the European Union.
Other sources of information
More information on EU relations with Angola is available on the pages of the Delegation of the European Union to Angola, which is also responsible for co-operation activities in the country.