Employment, Social Inclusion and Social Protection
People need protection against the risks and shocks that can drive them into poverty. Social protection enables people to consume, acquire assets and make investments. This should include, or be accompanied by active employment policies to enable people to find decent jobs.. Social protection also provides vital support to poor and vulnerable members of society who are unable to participate in economic activity .
Individuals and households most often move out of poverty because of improvements related to their employment situation. However, in developing countries most jobs are characterised by low average earnings, a lack of adequate social protection and productivity, violations of labour rights, and unsafe or difficult working conditions. The big challenge is therefore, not necessarily how to create more jobs, but how to create better jobs.
Strengthening employment policies, efficient Technical Education and Vocational Training (TVET) and improving social protection systems, are high in both EU and international development and cooperation policy priorities.
The Commission presented the first ever Commission Communication on social protection in international development. It outlines how future EU aid should work to help putting in place social protection policies and systems.
Visit us in our Public Group on Employment and Social Protection in Capacity4Dev
Capacity4Dev is an online community for development practitioners. This interactive platform was set up by EuropeAid to enhance knowledge through the exchange of practices on effective international cooperation. The Public Group on Employment and Social Protection serves as a platform for knowledge sharing, discussions and publication of all relevant materials on our areas. The group offers a "blog" where members can post new items and start reflexions/discussions, a "library" where we upload and classify documents and an "events" page to share relevant events. We hope to see you there soon!
Materials already online! Regional Seminar on Employment, Skills Development and Youth in the Mediterranean Region- Amman, May 2012
The unrest in several Southern Mediterranean countries is clearly linked to economic weaknesses. The youth employment gap, low participation rates, particularly for women, weak education and training systems or limited job creation are some examples of the challenges that the region is currently facing. The "Employment, Social Inclusion and Migration" Unit in EuropeAid (DEVCO D3) has organised a knowledge-sharing Regional Seminar on Employment and Skills Development with a focus on Youth in Amman on 21-23 May 2012. Click here to see the synthesis report!
Available EU funding for activities at both national and regional levels for the period 2007-2013 is from:
The European Development Fund (in the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries), the Development Co-operation Instrument (for Latin America, Asia and South Africa), and the European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument (for the EU's neighbouring regions),
Investing in people, which supports actions in the area of human and social development. Through this programme, we work in two main areas:
- Technical Vocational Education and Training – TVET, under the strand Education, knowledge and skills (5% of the budget for Investing in People is allocated to vocational education and training). Demand-driven technical and vocational education and training plays a key role in giving people an opportunity to gain access to jobs. As such, it is an important factor in reducing poverty. In order to develop a solid framework for delivery of vocational education and training connected to the rest of the education system, a strong partnership is needed between representatives of the private sector, the government and the educational institutions.
- Social cohesion, employment and decent work, under the strand "Other areas of human and social development" (8% of the entire budget): The programme concentrates on developing methods to monitor and assess progress on employment, decent work and social cohesion in partner countries, identifying good practices and supporting a global policy dialogue between governments, social partners and other relevant stakeholders operating in this area.
- The EC is currently preparing new actions under the 2013 Annual Action Programme.
Employment and decent work for all are key elements in reducing poverty and achieving the MDGs. "Achieving full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people" has recently been included as a target under the first MDGs.
The European Consensus on Development clearly indicates employment as a crucial factor to achieve high level of social cohesion. The EC adopted has gradually adopted a number of key policy documents which porpose stronger and more coherent future EU commitments to address employment, social protection and decent work for all and to contribute to the social dimension of globalization [153 KB] . In the EC communication, "an Agenda for Change", the EC commits itself to inclusive growth, characterised by people’s ability to participate in, and benefit from, wealth and job creation.
In this field, the EU supports national and local development strategies and interventions aimed at enabling the most vulnerable population groups to emerge from poverty and insecurity, i.e. improving employability through vocational training.
The EU has a strategic partnership with the ILO [321 KB] to ensure the effective uptake of decent work and related issues at all levels.
The social dimension of Globalisation, Employment and Decent Work is one of the policy areas where the EU is committed to pursuing policy coherence for development.