Security & conflict
Security and development are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. No sustainable development is possible in a country threatened by internal insecurity, crisis and conflicts. At the same time, there cannot be sustainable peace without development. Moreover, insecurity, crisis and conflicts can impede the efficient use of aid.
Abu Dhabi, 23 January, 2013 – The EU invited the Gulf Cooperation Council countries to participate in an international network to prepare for and counter risks resulting from hazardous materials. This invitation was extended during a conference held on 22 January 2013 in Abu Dhabi. The conference was co-hosted by the United Arab Emirates and the European Commission.
New EU initiative to combat piracy in the Gulf of Guinea
Brussels, 10 January 2013 - A new project that will boost security and the safety of maritime routes across seven African countries in the Gulf of Guinea was announced today by the European Union. The Critical Maritime Routes in the Gulf of Guinea (CRIMGO) Programme will help governments across West and Central Africa to improve the safety of the main shipping routes by providing training for coastguards and establishing a network to share information between countries and agencies across the region.
EU Workshop on Countering Violent Extremism
Brussels – on 26 and 27 November 2012, a two-day expert workshop on countering violent extremism was organised to explore how the EU can better support third countries in their efforts to address the problems of violent extremism, radicalisation and recruitment to terrorism.
European Union Strengthens Anti-Drug Operations on Cocaine Route in West Africa
Brussels, 13 February, 2012 – A European Union-funded anti-drug operation (Operation COCAIR III), carried out in 30 international airports in West and Central Africa and Brazil, has achieved impressive results and led to concrete seizures of substantial amounts of illicit drugs and capital, according to a report out today.
The anti-drug operation was carried out by the World Customs Organization (WCO), together with Interpol and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, between 28 November and 4 December 2011. It resulted in 45 seizures, including 486 kg of cannabis, 24 kg of cocaine, 5 kg of heroin and interceptions of amphetamines and metamphetamines such as Ecstasy.
Cooperation agreement for €2.7 billion between the EU and the African, Caribean and Pacific countries
On 13 March 2009, the European Commission and the Group of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries signed a cooperation agreement for a total of €2.7 billion. This will allow ACP countries to benefit from aid in a wide range of sectors such as health, water, combating climate change and peace-keeping. Out of the total amount, €400 million are allocated for actions in the field of peace and security. Of these, €300 are allocated in support to the African Peace Facility.
For the period 2007-2013, the EU’s development action in this field is financed through two types of instruments:
- the implementation of the policy at national and regional level is supported by geographical instruments, such as the European Development Fund (in the ACP countries), the Development Co-operation Instrument (in Latin America, Asia and South Africa), and the European Neigbourhoud & Partnership Instrument (in the neighbouring regions),
- the Instrument for Stability, which has two components: a short-term component concerning crisis response and preparedness, and a long-term component in the context of stable conditions.
The European Commission’s approach to conflict prevention aims to address the root causes of conflicts and build sustainable peace through mediation and peace-support operations. Depending on the particular circumstances, its response to a crisis focuses on short and medium term support for rebuilding critical state institutions and for peace-building through transitional justice and reconciliation. In post-conflict states, the EU supports disarmament and arms-control measures in the framework of the UN Conference on Disarmament.
The Commission follows the new external aid concept of security system reform (SSR), developed by the OECD. By recognising the relationship between different sections of the security system, SRR takes a holistic approach to security and emphasises the need for democratic oversight as means of providing a stable platform for the delivery of aid. The 2005 European Security and Defence Policy support to SSR Reform, and the 2006 Communication on support to SSR provide a framework for future EU engagement in SSR as well as scope to strengthen coordination between the EU’s external aid and security and defence policies.
Peace and security is one of the areas where the EC is committed to pursue policy coherence for development.