Defining our post-2015 pathway
EU to take leading role in global fight against poverty and strive for sustainable development
As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) come to an end in 2015 and the Rio+20 conference launched the process for the formulation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the European Commission acknowledges that both challenges must be tackled together through a joined up approach. The European Commission has presented the Communication "A Decent Life for All: Ending Poverty and Giving the World a Sustainable Future" [180 KB] , which proposes a global framework to address both issues, with a view to achieve an EU common position to feed the debate at the UN and worldwide.
When the leaders of 189 countries adopted the Millennium Declaration and the accompanying eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), they set themselves the deadline of 2015 for reducing extreme poverty. Much has been achieved in the intervening years “to free fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanising condition of extreme poverty”, and still more remains to be accomplished between now and the deadline. Progress has proven uneven among countries and regions and some targets are still off-track. The Commission remains firmly committed to helping to ensure that the MDGs are met by 2015 and is providing targeted funding to deliver on this commitment.
As the deadline draws closer, it is essential that the international community also begins to prepare for the path forward post-2015. How have global realities changed in the past 15 years and how should our plans reflect this? What have the MDGs taught us? The outcome of Rio+20, the UN conference on sustainable development, saw the concept of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emerge. How would these fit into the post-2015 development pathway? These among others are the questions that the European Commission is already reflecting on, specifically through two initiatives: a public consultation and the European Report on Development (ERD) 2013. Commissioner Piebalgs also contributes to this critical discussion at international level as a member of the High level Panel on post-2015 development agenda.
How is the EU preparing the post-2015 development pathway?
1. Consultation on “Towards a Post-2015 Development Framework”
In 2013, the United Nations will carry out a further review of progress towards the MDGs and will start to look towards a development framework post-2015. The EU is now working to develop its contribution to this international process. To this end, a public consultation ran from 15June to 19 September 2012.
The global political and economic landscape has changed significantly in the years since the turn of the millennium. Many emerging economies are now thriving, disparities within and between developing countries are increasing and the incomes of some upper middle-income countries are actually outscoring those of European member states. In this context, our way forward must reflect new global realities and trends.
The path is not yet set and opinions from across the public sphere are needed. Options for post-2015 could either be designed following the logic of the MDG framework with new time-lines, with or without new goals, targets or indicators, or proposing a more fundamentally revised approach to development.
Contributions to the Public Consultation will inform the preparation of an EU contribution to the UN process.
A report [1014 KB] , summarising the contributions received is now available.
2. European Report on Development 2012-2013
The European Report on Development (ERD) 2012-2013, “Development in a Changing World: Elements for a Post-2015 Global Agenda", will also prove a useful tool in navigating our way forward in the years after 2015.
The ERD is an independent report, supported by the European Commission and seven EU Member States. This fourth edition is to be published in Spring 2013. It will consider some of the main development challenges for the next 15 years and reflect on how the international community could help in addressing them. Key questions will include: What kind of global framework do we need to focus efforts on poverty eradication? What kind of framework would most benefit the world’s poorest countries? What can Europe contribute? Essentially, the report will attempt to answer the most central and critical research question: Which elements of a post-2015 framework could support poor countries' efforts to overcome development constraints and create opportunities for (inclusive and sustainable) development?
3. Membership of the High level Panel on post-2015 development agenda
As a member of the High Level Panel on the post-MDGs agenda beyond 2015, Andris Piebalgs, European Commissioner for Development, provides an EU perspective in international discussions on the post-2015 agenda. Hand-picked by UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon, Commissioner Piebalgs joins 25 advisers from UN organisations, governments, private sector and civil society selected to provide advice on the global development agenda, taking into consideration new global challenges and reflecting on the experience gained in implementing the MDGs.
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