Migration and Asylum
Migration has rapidly gained momentum in EU external policy. Aid programmes and tools aim, through a balanced approach, to enhance the management of legal migration, curb illegal flows and boost the effects of migration on development. Regarding asylum, the EU focuses on building capacities and promoting durable solutions.
The Commission Communication “Maximising the Development Impact of Migration” adopted today will provide the basis for a common position of the EU and its Member States at the High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, organised by the United Nations General Assembly on 3-4 October 2013. This event will provide a unique opportunity for policy makers and practitioners to reflect on how to work towards a global agenda for effective, inclusive and rights-based migration governance and identify measures to promote the role of migrants as agents of innovation and development.
The new Call for Proposals 2011-2012 for migration and asylum is open.
The new Call for Proposals 2011-2012 was launched on the 15th of october 2011, with deadline for submissions of concept notes on the 01st of December 2011.
The call has an amount of 74 million EUR and is divided in 4 main lots:
Lot 1: The South - Southern Mediterranean (Northern Africa), Sub-Saharan Africa and Middle East
Lot 2: The East - Eastern Europe (including the Southern Caucasus) and Central Asia
Lot 3: Other regions (South, Southeast and East Asia, Pacific, Latin America and Caribbean)
Lot 4: Global actions
Multiannual Strategy Paper 2011-2013
The Commission has adopted the Multiannual Strategy Paper 2011-2013 for the Thematic Programme for Cooperation with Third countries in the areas of Migration and Asylum.
MIEUX 2: facility to better address all areas of migration
MIEUX is a EU funded initiative aimed at enhancing the capacities of non EU countries in the management of all areas of migration, including: irregular migration; migration and development; asylum and refugees; and legal migration. The technical assistance is deployed by EU Member States' experts. MIEUX is implemented by the ICMPD (International Centre for Migration Policy Development).
For the period 2007-2013, the external dimension of the EU’s migration and asylum policy is financed through two types of instruments:
the implementation of the policy at national and regional level is supported by geographical instruments, such as the European Development Fund (in the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries), the Development Co-operation Instrument (in Latin America, Asia and South Africa), and the European Neighbourhoud & Partnership Instrument (in the neighbouring regions),
a specific thematic programme focussed on capacity building and cooperation initiatives. This helps the European Commission to operate more easily across regions that are covered by different financial systems.
The external dimension of the migration and asylum policy has developed very much over the last years. The EU’s approach in this field is based on:
- political dialogue and close practical cooperation with third countries, based on shared responsibility of countries of origin, transit and destination. The aim of these dialogues is to address issues of mutual concern and interest to the participating regions. The ACP-EU dialogue is being intensified, with a focus on the strengthening of the operational aspects of the implementation of the Article 13 of the Cotonou Cooperation Agreement. Regarding the dialogue with Eastern countries, it aims at enhancing synergies between policies and processes to deepen cooperation between EU and the Eastern and Southern-neighbours in the field of migration. The EU-LAC dialogue is a more recent process but it gaining importance. These dialogues are carried out jointly by Member States, DG HOME, EEAS and DG DEVCO.
- a Global Approach to Migration and Mobility , addressing four areas: organizing and facilitating legal migration and mobility, preventing and reducing irregular migration and trafficking in human beings, promoting international protection and asylum and maximising the development impact of migration and mobility.
- the mainstreaming of these questions in the EU’s development cooperation strategies as well as in other EU’s external policies.
Migration is now an integral part of a number of national and regional development strategies. Several partner countries and regions have been given support to develop and implement their own migration strategies, to gather and analyse migration data through the development of Migration Profiles, and to build up the capacity of the relevant institutions.
In the field of asylum, the EU aims at enhancing the protection capacity in regions of origin and transit and orientates its assistance to them in view of fostering durable solutions.
Migration is one of the policy areas where the EU is committed to pursue policy coherence for development.