no group left behind
Social exclusion is a problem faced by all societies. However, the socio-economic marginalisation of certain groups is particularly acute in many developing countries. That is why it is an important focus of EuropeAid’s work.
EuropeAid provides expertise in the area of social inclusion by supporting national and local development strategies and interventions aimed at enabling the most vulnerable population groups to emerge from poverty, deprivation and insecurity.
Typically, socially excluded, vulnerable groups make up a broad rage of groups, such as households headed by women or older people without an income, dependent older people, former (child) soldiers, indigenous and tribal people, refugees, women, displaced and migrant people, orphans, the landless poor, victims of calamities, and persons with disabilities. Groups at risk of exclusion – such as workers in declining industries and people living in decaying rural areas – are also the object of careful attention when designing inclusion strategies.
More than a question of income
To achieve inclusion, income and employment are essential but not the only remedy – a holistic approach is needed. Vulnerability can also be tackled through the provision of informal safety nets (which are to be distinguished from formal social protection safety nets, such as pension schemes and unemployment benefits), or subsidy schemes for basic services including health and education.
National and/or local poverty reduction strategies should address adequately the needs of the target groups. Orientations in this area are in line with the policy guidelines and the relevant EU documents upon which development co-operation and poverty alleviation strategies are based, as well as the EU employment and social inclusion/protection model. EuropeAid’s task is to help to translate the above into operational terms: programmes and projects focusing on these issues.