The European Union, a global leader in Energy aid
The European Union employs various methods of aid delivery to support energy in developing countries. A recent study [2 MB] shows that for the period 2005-2011, the European Union has spent more than 2 billion Euros in the support to the development of modern energy services in developing countries worldwide, through a number of instruments tailored towards providing impacts and results.
The implementation of the energy policy at national and regional level is supported by geographical instruments, such as the European Development Fund (in the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries), the Development Co-operation Instrument (in Latin America , Asia and South Africa ), and the European Neighborhood & Partnership Instrument (in the neighboring regions ). In this framework we can note that:
- The national and regional indicative programmes (NIPs and RIPs) provide possible grant elements for energy projects and programmes according to the priority given by beneficiary countries or regional organisations to the sector. For example the NIPs for the ACP countries have allocated more than EUR 150 Million for the energy sector during the period 2007-2013.
- The EU co-finances energy projects regionally through several facilities such as the Neighborhood Investment Facility (NIF) and the Latin America Investment Facility (LAIF). These Facilities have an important energy and climate change component. Since the inception of the NIF, 13 energy projects have been financed for an amount of EUR 70 Million with a leverage of approximately EUR 6.5 Billion.
For more information on action at regional and national level please refer to the relevant sub-sections:
EU Instruments at a global level
Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund
The Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund (GEEREF) was created in 2008 for a period of 15 years. It invests primarily in regional funds that reinvest their assets in projects and companies involved in energy efficiency and renewable energy.
These projects aim at enhancing access to clean energy in developing countries and economies in transition while cutting greenhouse gas emissions and transferring low carbon technologies. They are expected to result in:
- 1 gigawatt of clean energy brought to recipient countries;
- 3 million beneficiaries of the fund's investments; and
- 2 million tonnes of saved carbon dioxide emissions.
The Commission committed a total of €74.27 million to the GEEREF for the 2007-10 period.
More information on the GEEREF [144 KB]
Thematic programme for Environment
The Thematic programme for Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources including Energy (ENRTP) promotes European environmental and energy policies abroad in the common interest of the EU and partner countries and regions.
It integrates environmental protection requirements into development and other external policies.
EUEI-Partnership Dialogue Facility
Created in 2005, the EUEI-Partnership Dialogue Facility (EUEI-PDF) is an instrument developed and funded by a number of EU Member States and the European Commission in the context of the European Union Energy Initiative (EUEI). The overall objective of the EUEI-PDF is to support the development of policies and strategies for the promotion of access to energy at national and regional level.More information on the EUEI-Partnership Dialogue Facility