The accidents in Chernobyl (1986) and Fukushima (2011) highlighted the global importance of nuclear safety. Contamination by radioactivity impacts on entire regions, affecting the life and health of mankind beyond borders. At the same time, because of the global warming and the rising cost of energy, nuclear power has a new importance in many countries. EU external aid programmes aim to improve nuclear safety in the world.
Brussels, 26 April, 2013 – The EU launched a healthcare project for residents of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone in the city of Ivankiev near Chernobyl. A ceremony to mark the launch of the EUR 4.2 million project was held, attended by MEPs Michele Rivasi and Corinne Lepage and the Head of the EU Delegation to Ukraine, Ambassador Jan Tombinski. Together with representatives from the Ukrainian government and the Ukrainian Science and Technology Centre of Ukraine, they also paid tribute to the victims of the Chernobyl accident.
Read the press release [435 KB]
Brussels, 22 March, 2013 – Between 4 and 8 February 2013, the EuropeAid Days brought together members of each EU Delegation in Brussels to discuss wide-ranging EU Development policy and strategy.
Brussels, 24 January, 2013 – In a three-day meeting of the European Commission and the Regulatory Cooperation Forum (RCF), a forum facilitated and promoted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), organised from 22 to 24 January in Brussels, around sixty high-level participants from regulatory authorities from all over the world and EC/IAEA officials discussed activities under the EC's Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC).
Hanoi/Brussels, 11 June 2012 – A kick-off meeting is hosted today by the Vietnam nuclear regulatory authority (VARANS) to begin nuclear safety cooperation with the European Commission.
Brussels, December 2012 - The INSC Article 18 Report 2010 and 2011 was adopted in December 2012.
- Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the implementation of the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC) - Second Report - Annual Action Programmes for 2010 and 2011 (Art. 18 of Council Regulation (EURATOM) No 300/2007) [67 KB]
- Commission Staff Working Document [165 KB]
For more information on the work of the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation please click here.
The most important financial instruments which help the European Union to promote nuclear safety in non EU countries are:
- Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC). The programme has a €524 billion budget for the period 2007-2013 and it covers non-EU countries all over the world.
- Chernobyl Shelter Fund (CSF).The CFS focuses on the shelter (“sarcophagus”) enclosing the remains of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. In end 2012, the arch of the new safety confinement has been finished (project end: 2015).
- Nuclear Safety Account (NSA) – created in 1993 to finance nuclear safety projects in Central and Eastern Europe, the support it has provided so far amounts to €320 million.
Learn more on EU Nuclear safety funds.
The EU aims to promote nuclear safety worldwide. Within its territory the European Union ensures a high level of nuclear safety in the 27 EU countries.
To promote nuclear safety at international level, the EU:
- finances help – EU external aid programmes (i.e. INSC) and provide practical assistance to third countries to improve nuclear safety on the spot, such as training or dispatching workers, etc.
- tackles nuclear safety at different levels – participating in various international fora treating the issue, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). For instance, all EU countries signed the Convention on Nuclear Safety, which aims to improve nuclear safety worldwide. The EU conducts policies on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and the European Security Strategy.
- focuses on coherent policies – other EU activities, such as dual-use goods and export controls or the special ties created between the EU and the neighbouring countries, have also an impact on nuclear safety. Countries wishing to join the EU have to comply with EU legislation in the field of nuclear safety.