Policy Coherence for Development
The EU seeks to take into account development cooperation objectives in non-development policies. The EU recognizes that some of its policies can have a significant impact outside of the EU and that either contributes to or undermines its development policy. The EU therefore seeks to minimise contradictions and to build synergies between policies other than development cooperation that have an impact on developing countries, for the benefit of overseas development ("policy coherence for development").
Workshop: How to promote Policy Coherence and Policy Coherence for Development approaches in the Post-2015 framework? 12 June 2014.
- The European Experience on PCD – James Mackie [732 KB]
- PCD Practice at EU level: Agriculture and Trade – Alan Matthews [109 KB]
- PC/PCD in the UN Context: Challenges towards Post-2015 – Diana Alarcón [2 MB]
- Challenges on PCD at International level - Eduardo Zepeda [190 KB]
- PCD Challenges at National level Romulo Paes de Sousa [4 MB]
- The NGOs' vision on PCD in the post-2015 – Rilli Lappalainen [478 KB]
- The OECD Experience and Thinking on PCD – Ebba Dohlman [3 MB]
- Programme [375 KB]
Policy coherence approach
The commitment towards Policy Coherence is embedded in the European Consensus on Development adopted in December 2005. A first progress report on Policy Coherence was published in 2007 .
In 2005, the EU agreed to apply the Policy Coherence for Development approach in 12 policy areas that could accelerate progress towards the millenium development goals for development:
- environment and climate change
- bilateral fisheries agreements
- social policies (employment)
- research / innovation
- information technologies
- transport and energy
In 2009, the EU has agreed to make the PCD agenda more operational and to focus future policy coherence development on 5 priority areas for achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals:
- trade and finance
- climate change
- food security
In 2010, the Commission presented the Policy Coherence for Development Work Programme 2010-2013, structured according to these five priority areas. The Work Programme guides the work of the European Commission and serves as an inspiration for Member states in their PCD work.
The European Commission reports every 2 years on progress made on policy coherence for development by the EU in the 12 areas. The aim is to encourage continual progress, based on feedback from developing countries, civil society and the European Parliament.
The European Commission published its 2011 report on Policy Coherence for Development [632 KB] (PCD)
The 2009 Report on Policy Coherence for Development - Establishing the policy framework for a whole of the Union approach (2009) is available below:
The first EU PCD report, published in 2007, can be consulted here .
The European Commission published its EU 2013 Report on Policy Coherence for Development [2 MB] (Commission Staff Working Document) on the 31/10/2013.
The European Commission regularly meets with an informal group of PCD contact points from EU Member states to exchange information and good practice and to promote strengthening of PCD processes in the EU. A PCD contact point exists in each EU Member state and they are all invited to participate in the informal Member state expert network.
Moreover, the European Commission works closely with the OECD on promoting the PCD approach and on developing PCD evidence and measurement. Frequent general and/or thematic meetings are organized with civil society organizations.
Finally, the European Commission follows closely the work of the PCD standing rapporteur of the DEVE Committe of the European Parliament.
The Unit DEVCO A1 has the mission to coordinate PCD work for the European Commission.
PCD related studies
In 2012, the European Commission Directorate general for development and cooperation EuropeAid, has conducted, in cooperation with other Directorates general of the European Commission, a study Assessing the impact of biofuels production on developing countries from the point of view of Policy Coherence for Development.
Please find below the final report of the study:
- Final report (February 2013) [3 MB]